Taking into consideration the Apology, Crito, Phaedo, and the Allegory of the Cave;
Some commentators view Socrates' death as, in effect, a suicide. How might one argue for this position?
You might try this from the standpoint of what Socrates has to say in the Apology, as well as considering the prisoner from the Allegory who is freed from his chains to be Socrates himself. Next, resolve the seeming conflicting positions Socrates takes in the Apology and the Crito. In the former he is attacking both the accusations and the conviction (and so also the sentence) ...
The solution is a guide that helps the student in taking on the position (see original problem) that Socrates' assasination or death was actually a suicide. It gives pointers and advise, providing additional arguments and perspectives that would get the student thinking with ideas and arguments in defense of the suicide position using the noted references in the original problem (Crito, Phaedo, and the Allegory of the Cave).
Why did Socrates take the Hemlock? Was it really suicide or was he following the law of Athens?
The form that capital punishment took in Athens was by drinking a drink containing poison hemlock. Therefore Socrates took the hemlock because that was his punishment. During the course of the trial after he was found guilty the prosecution asked for the death penalty to be administered. When Socrates was asked what he felt would be a fair alternative punishment his suggestions was a fine. Some scholars believe that if he had agreed to be exiled as his punishment the jury would have voted for that. However, faced with a decision between the death penalty and a fine the jury chose the death penalty.View Full Posting Details