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An Explanation of Deductive and Inductive Arguments

What is the distinction between deductive and inductive arguments? Give an example of each to make your explanation clearer.

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Both inductive and deductive arguments fall under the logical reasoning/argument category. While in philosophy both lines of inquiry (because we use them as methods to ascertain the validity of a position) are seen as methods of argumentation, in the sciences, they are much more than that. Scientists both in the social and natural disciplines use either inductive or deductive lines of inquiry in principle to prove or disprove a hypothesis. But for the purpose of this solution, let us only look at said logic arguments as elements in philosophy and let us make it simple. Arguments in philosophy always consist of a premise and a conclusion, A= P then C. Keep this in mind.

Now, on to deductive arguments. What are deductive arguments? In deduction, the line of reasoning is that the premises cannot be false, they are true by inference and by claims presented and based on this the ...

Solution Summary

This solution provides a comprehensive explanation of the difference between deductive and inductive arguments. Definitions and examples are provided creating a clear picture of how the arguments are used and for what purpose. The solution follows the APA-format and multiple references are provided for further expansion on this topic.