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    I can not understand the meaning of these fallacies. Can someone give me an example of an "appeal to emotion" fallacy, a "composition fallacy", and a "past belief" fallacy?

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    Appeal to Emotion: Since pleasurable emotions are associated with something, the "something" must be true. This logical flaw is used a lot in the advertisement industry. It might feel good or look cool to smoke a cigarette, but that doesn't mean that smoking cigarettes is a wholesome thing to do. Those who believe it is, are making the appeal to emotion fallacy. Essentially, this flaw attempts to manipulate your emotions rather than your logic to approve of something or win you over to their side. In other words, this ...