* Define Philosophy:
Philosophy may be thought of questions that begin with the word, "Why," which probes how situations, events, or people fit together. The root, Philos actually means a love of wisdom. Thus, philosophy itself can be thought of as an, "investigation of the nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning rather than empirical methods." Reference: http://www.answers.com/topic/philosophy
When empirical methods are not employed reasoning tends to be qualitative, rather than quantitative in nature. Reasoning involves argumentation and questioning on a variety of subjects. Darmoth.edu references how ...
This job defines philosophy and describes the nature of philosophical questions with special focus on how philosophical questions differ from questions of a scientific or factual nature.