All participants in EICC are expected to declare their support for the Code and actively pursue conformance to it and regard it as a total supply chain initiative. In which can partakers demonstrate their active participation? Do Codes of Conduct treat the working conditions of employers? Do you think applying and respecting the Codes of Conduct can help solve, if not eradicate, the injustice, unfairness and violation of rights done to Chinese workers?
The responsibility of the employer towards the employee
Do American companies have a duty to help protect the rights of Chinese workers? Basically, the human rights of Chinese workers, as well as those of American workers, are equal and the same. Such rights are self-evident based on the above facts. Consequently, American companies, as employers, have inalienable duty to protect those rights and promote whatever will help in keeping it up. A possible and positive promotion of such rights could be based on the ability to adopt and apply a Code of Conduct.
Let's take Foxconn Company and Walt Disney as examples. Foxconn Company, for example, works with numerous potent electronic trademarks such as Apple, Nokia, HP, Dell, Sony, Sony Ericsson, and Motorola. Most of these trademarks have adopted a code of conduct to guarantee decent working conditions. Besides, Foxconn, being a member of the Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC), is bound by the EICC Code of Conduct.
All participants in EICC are expected to declare their support for the Code and actively pursue conformance to it and regard it as a total supply chain initiative. All participants are encouraged to advance and uphold social and environmental responsibility. The Code is made up of five sections as follows A: Labour (human rights of the workers) - Freely Chosen Employment encouraged, Child Labour Avoidance practised, Working Hours respected, Wages and Benefits given, Humane Treatment endorsed, Non-Discrimination accomplished, Freedom of Association appreciated; B: Health and Safety Standards - Occupational Safety ensured, Emergency Preparedness planned, Occupational Injury and Illness treated well, Industrial Hygiene taken care of, Physically Demanding Work controlled, Machine Safeguarding guaranteed, Sanitation, Food, and Housing provided; C: Environment Responsibility that has to be achieved - Environmental Permits and Reporting, Pollution Prevention and Resource Reduction, Hazardous Substances taken care of, Wastewater and Solid Waste well controlled, Air Emissions guarded, Product Content Restrictions made clear; D: Management System to be established - Company ...
An employer has to live up to his responsibility and protect the interest of his workers by taking adequate steps to take care of the workers. The employer being on an advantaged position has to take precaution against any mistreatment that can harm the customers. Consequently, if the Code of Conduct were to be well observed with a good dose of morality, there will be no problem.
The worker is on a susceptible ground because of his need for a decent living. The vulnerability of the worker constitutes a moral duty for the employer to ensure that the employee gets what he deserves and has worked for. When the reason for working (i.e. a dignified way of living) cannot be achieved and is rather lost, then another way of escape is suicide. I guess this is how those workers that committed suicide under Foxconn company saw their lives. This simply means that not only should their rights be respected, they are to be treated like human beings and not like machines.