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    Sqrarefree Integers, Fields, Conductors and Maximal Ideals

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    Let D be a squarefree integer, and let 0 be the ring of integers in the quadratic field Q(sqrtD). For any positive integer f prove that the set Of = Z[fw] = {a + bfw | a, b E Z} is a subring of 0 containing the identity. Prove that [O:Of]= f (index as additive abelian groups). Prove conversely that a subring of 0 containing the identity and having finite index f in 0 (as additive abelian group) is equal to Of. (The ring Of is called the order of conductor f in the field Q(sqrtD). The ring of integers 0 is called the maximal order in Q(sqrtD).

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    https://brainmass.com/math/ring-theory/sqrarefree-integers-fields-conductors-and-maximal-ideals-150017

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    Part A:

    Taking two arbitrary elements of O_f,

    x = a + bfω and y = c + dfω

    we find that both

    x + y = (a+c) + (b+d)fω

    is in O_f , and

    x*y = (ac+Dbd) + (ad+bc)fω

    is in O_f.

    Therefore O_f is a sub-ring.
    Taking a = 1 and b = 0, we see that O_f contains the ...

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