Norfolk, Virginia, a major seaport on the East Coast, has a ship coal loading facility. Coal trucks filled with coal presently arrive at the port facility at mean rate of 149 per day (Poisson distributed). The facility operates 24 hours a day. The coal trucks are unloaded one at a time on a first-come, first-served basis by mechanical equipment that empties the trucks in a average time of eight minutes per truck regardless of truck size (exponentially distributed). The port authority is negotiating with a coal company for more trucks per day. However, the coal company will not use this port facility unless the port authority can assure them that its coal trucks will not have to wait to be unloaded at the port facility for more than 12 hours per truck on the average.
How many additional trucks should the port authority accept per day to meet the coal company's condition?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 3:57 am ad1c9bdddf
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Bethesda Mining Company Case
Please read the Bethesda Mining Company case study and assist the following questions.
Bethesda Mining is a midsized coal mining company with 20 mines located in Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Kentucky. The company operates deep mines as well as strip mines. Most of the coal mined is sold under contract, with excess production sold on the spot market.
The coal mining industry, especially high-sulfur coal operations such as Bethesda, has been hard-hit by environmental regulations. Recently, however, a combination of increased demand for coal and new pollution reduction technologies has led to an improved market demand for high-sulfur coal. Bethesda has just been approached by Mid-Ohio Electric Company with a request to supply coal for its electric generators for the next four years. Bethesda Mining does not have enough excess capacity at its existing mines to guarantee the contract. The company is considering opening a strip mine in Ohio on 5000 acres of land purchased 10 years ago for $5 million. Based on a recent appraisal, the company feels it could receive $5.5 million on an after-tax basis if it sold the land today.
Strip mining is a process where the layers of topsoil above a coal vein are removed and the exposed coal is removed. Some time ago, the company would simply remove the coal and leave the land in an unusable condition. Changes in mining regulations now force a company to reclaim the land; that is, when the mining is completed, the land must be restored to near its original condition. The land can then be used for other purposes. Because it is currently operating at full capacity, Bethesda will need to purchase additional necessary equipment, which will cost $85 million. The equipment will be depreciated on a seven-year MACRS schedule. The contract runs for only four years. At the time the coal from the site will be entirely mined. The company feels that the equipment can be sold for 60 percent of its initial purchase price. However, Bethesda plans to open another strip mine at that time and will use the equipment at the new mine.
The contract calls for delivery of 500,000 tons of coal per year at a price of $82 per ton. Bethesda Mining feels that coal production will be 620,000 tons, 680,000 tons, 730,000 tons, and 590,000 tons, respectively, over the next four years. The excess production will be sold in the spot market at an average of $76 per ton. Variable costs amount to $31 per ton, and fixed costs are $4,100,000 per year. The mine will require a net working capital investment of 5 percent of sales. The NWC will be built up in the year prior to the sales.
Bethesda will be responsible for reclaiming the land at termination of the mining. This will occur in year 5.The company uses an outside company for reclamation will be $2.7 million. After the land is reclaimed, the company plans to donate the land to the state for use as a public park and recreation area. This will occur in year 6 and result in a charitable expense deduction of $6 million. Bethesda faces a 38 percent tax rate and has a 12 percent required return on new strip mine projects. Assume that a loss in any year will result in a tax credit.
You have been approached by the president of the company with a request to analyze the project. Calculate the payback period, profitability index, net present value, and internal rate of return for the new strip mine.
Should Bethesda Mining take the contract and open the mine?View Full Posting Details