# Linear Algebra : Orthogonal Basis

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Problem

a. quote a theorem which guarantees that there exists an orthogonal basis for (with standard inner product) made up of eigenvectors of matrix

b. Find such a basis .

c. Represent the quadratic form by a symmetric matrix. Is Q positive definite? Justify your answer.

My explanation

a. I am not sure this is right but here is theorem that we learned in class.

Theorem 1

Let T be a linear operator on a finite-dimensional real inner product space V. Then T is self-adjoint if and only inf there exists an orthonormal basis for V consisting of eigenvectors of T.

( we know that A is self-adjoint if )

Since A is self-adjoint I guess I can use theorem 1???

What is the connection between T and A??

b. To find a basis made up of eigenvectors of matrix A, first of all, we know that we need to find the eigenvalues. Using det(tI-A) I found that and . (please check that it is correct).

For , I found eigenvectors (-1,1,0) and (-1,0,1) ,and for , eigenvector is (1,1,1) . (please check that it is correct).

here is my question, I know that (-1,1,0) and (1,1,1) are orthogonal and so (-1,0,1) and (1,1,1). Also another theorem tells that if and are distinct eigenvalues of T with corresponding eigenvectors x and y , then x and y are orthogonal. but how about (-1,1,0) and (1,1,1)??? Obviously they are not orthogonal. Is it because of that they are eigenvectors of same eigenvalues??

c. here is the definition of the positive definite.

A linear operator T on a finite-dimensional inner product is called positive definite if T is self-adjoint and <T(x),x> >0 for all .

An n x n matrix A with entries from R or C is called positive definite if is positive definite.

Please represent the quadratic form by a symmetric matrix. And verify that Q positive definite.

Thank you.

#### Solution Summary

Orthogonal basis is investigated. The solution is detailed and well presented. The response was given a rating of "5/5" by the student who originally posted the question.