# Binary Operations : Monoids

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Let S be a set with an associative binary operation but with no identity. Choose an element 1 not belonging to S, write M = {1} or S, and define an operation on M by using the operation of S and 1s=s=s1 for all s belonging to S. Show that M is a monoid.

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##### Solution Summary

Associativity and identity is used to provide proof of a monoid.

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Proof. Let M={1}or S. It suffices to show that M is associative and has an identity. By the definition of the operation on M, we know that element 1 is in fact the identity since for ...

###### Education

- BSc , Wuhan Univ. China
- MA, Shandong Univ.

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- "Your solution, looks excellent. I recognize things from previous chapters. I have seen the standard deviation formula you used to get 5.154. I do understand the Central Limit Theorem needs the sample size (n) to be greater than 30, we have 100. I do understand the sample mean(s) of the population will follow a normal distribution, and that CLT states the sample mean of population is the population (mean), we have 143.74. But when and WHY do we use the standard deviation formula where you got 5.154. WHEN & Why use standard deviation of the sample mean. I don't understand, why don't we simply use the "100" I understand that standard deviation is the square root of variance. I do understand that the variance is the square of the differences of each sample data value minus the mean. But somehow, why not use 100, why use standard deviation of sample mean? Please help explain."
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- "Thank you so much for all of your help!!! I will be posting another assignment. Please let me know (once posted), if the credits I'm offering is enough or you ! Thanks again!"
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