# Differentiation : Critical Point - Find Maximum Value

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A manufacturer produces cardboard boxes that are open at the top and sealed at the base. The base is rectangular and its length is double its width. Let x denote the width in metres. the surface area of each such box is fixed to be 3 square metres. The manufacturer wishes to determine the height h and the base width x, in metres, of the box so that its volume is as large as possible.

a) Express the volume V in terms of x and h

b) Show that 2x^2+6xh =3 (consider the surface area)

c) Express h in terms of x and deduce that

V=x-(2/3)x^3

d) Use calculus to find the value of x so that V is as large as possible. Justify your answer. What is the largest possible value of the volume?

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The maximum volume is found using a critical point. The solution is detailed.

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A manufacturer produces cardboard boxes that are open at the top and sealed at the base. The base is rectangular and its length is double its width. Let x denote the width in metres. the surface area of each such box is fixed to be 3 square metres. The manufacturer wishes to determine the height h and the ...

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- BSc , Wuhan Univ. China
- MA, Shandong Univ.

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- "Your solution, looks excellent. I recognize things from previous chapters. I have seen the standard deviation formula you used to get 5.154. I do understand the Central Limit Theorem needs the sample size (n) to be greater than 30, we have 100. I do understand the sample mean(s) of the population will follow a normal distribution, and that CLT states the sample mean of population is the population (mean), we have 143.74. But when and WHY do we use the standard deviation formula where you got 5.154. WHEN & Why use standard deviation of the sample mean. I don't understand, why don't we simply use the "100" I understand that standard deviation is the square root of variance. I do understand that the variance is the square of the differences of each sample data value minus the mean. But somehow, why not use 100, why use standard deviation of sample mean? Please help explain."
- "excellent work"
- "Thank you so much for all of your help!!! I will be posting another assignment. Please let me know (once posted), if the credits I'm offering is enough or you ! Thanks again!"
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