Read the article below and use the information you find there to answer the questions that follow.
A bill is sent to the president of the United States when it has passed both houses of congress. A majority vote in both the house of representatives (435 members) and the senate (100 members) is needed for the bill to be passed on to the president. The majority vote is a majority of the members present, as long as more than one half of all the members are present. More than one half of the members make up what is called a quorum. Once the bill comes to him, the president may either sign the bill, making it a law, or he can veto the bill. His veto sends the bill back to congress.
Congress can still make the bill a law by overriding the presidential veto. To override the veto 2/3 of the members of each legislative body must vote to override it. Again, this 2/3 of a quorum of members.
1. Assume that 420 members of the house are available to vote. How many votes are necessary to make up a majority, which is anything over 1/2?
2. If 90 members of the senate are available to vote, how many votes would constitute a majority?
3. How many votes from a group of 420 members of the house would be necessary to overturn a veto?
4. How many votes from a group of 90 members of the senate would be necessary to overturn a veto?
Please answer each question.
The solution shows how to set up and solve the linear equation to find the votes needed to override a presidential veto. The solution is detailed and well presented. The response is provided in a Word document which is attached.