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Rehabilitation and Treatment

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1. Do police based conferencing effectively motivate offenders to the extent that they almost universally complete financial reparation, community service, apologies, and other victim obligations to victims? EXPLAIN.

2. Account for the importance of education and experience as factors in the effective counseling of offenders.

3. What is the difference between overt and covert reinforcers and how might behavior modification programs become abusive and/or coercive? Give examples as they apply to the correctional setting.

4. Distinguish among the risk principle, the needs principle, and the responsivity principle. How is each important to correctional treatment efforts?

5. Why is the family "system" such a powerful unit? How could such a system contribute to an adolescent becoming delinquent? How could such a system help rehabilitate a delinquent family member?

6. What is meant by harm reduction in the context of substance abuse? Which models of substance abuse are inconsistent with this philosophy?

7. List and describe environmental/psychosocial factors that can contribute to APD.

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1. Do police based conferencing effectively motivate offenders to the extent that they almost universally complete financial reparation, community service, apologies, and other victim obligations to victims? EXPLAIN.

Police based conferencing provides officers with mandatory skills necessary to assist offenders in successfully resolving conflicts between offenders and community members. The officers serve as key partners in the restorative approach to justice that seeks to deliver victim satisfaction by obtaining cooperation from offenders to engage in restorative methods such as community service, restitution, and other methods that will make the victim feel whole. Officers must be provided with mandatory training that can to resolve conflict and low-level crime informally on the street.

Offenders that engage in prolific criminal offenses that have committed habitual crimes must be addressed in a restorative approach to attempt to integrate them back into a community as this provides the offender with impetus to remain a productive member of society and by interacting with the victim, the offender can fully grasp the harm that has been done to the community.

A new way of Doing Justice - Restorative Justice Council www.restorativejustice.org.uk/.../fetch.php?file...a...

2. Account for the importance of education and experience as factors in the effective counseling of offenders.

Education is profoundly important for effective counseling of offenders, and this is true regardless of professional identity or discipline. Counselors must maintain a basic understanding of addiction and other issues the offender is suffering from predicated upon a clear understanding of current counseling models and theories. The counselor must possess a great appreciation of the multiple contexts within which offenders fall into as different offenders suffer from different ailments such as drug addiction, psychological abuse, sexual abuse, etc. Therefore, the counselor is mandated to have an expert understanding about the continuum of care and the social contexts affecting the treatment and recovery process. Education is vital to ...

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Rehabilitation and Treatment

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See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Fairfax Agency Staffing and Operating Budgets

The Fairfax Treatment Agency delivers the following program services:
• Alcoholic rehabilitation
• Drug-addict treatment
• Basic health care services, and
• Counseling and suicide prevention

The Agency's FY 200X staffing and operating data are as follows:

Professional salaries:
6 physicians  $100,000 $600,000
19 psychologists  $50,000 950,000
23 treatment technicians  $25,000 575,000 $2,125,000
Medical supplies 300,000
Administrative salaries, rent, utilities, and related costs 1,275,000
Total $3,700,000

The agency director needs to know the cost of each program as a basis for planning and budgeting decisions. She specifically needs to decide on whether to provide funds to alcoholic rehabilitation or drug-addict treatment. She has determined that if the cost to treat a drug-addict patient for a year is more than 15% higher than the cost to treat an alcoholic rehabilitation patient for a year, the alcohol program would receive additional funds. Otherwise the drug-addict program would receive additional funds.

Personnel assigned to individual programs are as follows:

Alcohol Drug - Basic
Rehab Addict Health Counseling Total
Physicians 2 4 6
Psychologists 6 4 9 19
Technicians 4 6 4 9 23

Costs of medical supplies are allocated to programs on the basis of physician-hours spent in each program. Administrative costs are allocated on the basis of direct labor cost of each program (i.e., the total cost of professional salaries for each program).

Eighty patients are in residence in the alcohol rehabilitation program, each staying about six months, equating to 40 patient-years of service delivery in the drug and alcohol program. 100 patients are involved in the drug addict program for about six months each, equating to 50 patient-years of service delivery in the drug program.

Part B

Suppose the director learned the following additional information concerning operations:

1. Consumption of medical supplies depends on the number of patients in each department and the length of their stays (that is, patient-years).

2. Administrative costs consist of the following:
-Rent and clinic maintenance $200,000
-Administrative costs to manage
patient charts, food, laundry 800,000
-Laboratory services 275,000
-Total $1,275,000

3. Other information about individual departments:

Alcohol Drug Basic
Rehab Addict Health Counseling Total
Square feet space occupied
by each program 9,000 9,000 10,000 12,000 40,000
Patient-years of service 40 50 50 60 200
Number of patients 80 100 200 120 500
Number of laboratory tests 400 1,400 3,000 700 5,500

Required

Given this additional information as well as the information provided in Part A:

1. Complete the following table to determine the cost of each program and the cost per patient-year of the alcohol rehabilitation and drug-addict treatment programs.

Cost Item Alcohol Rehab Drug Addict Treatment Basic Health Counseling Total Cost
Salaries

$2,125,000
Medical supplies

300,000
Rent and clinic maintenance
200,000
Costs for patient charts, food & laundry
800,000
Laboratory Services
275,000
Total Costs $3,700,000
Patient years 40 50 50 60
Cost/patient year

2. Based on your analysis, should the director allocate additional funds to the drug program or to the alcohol program?

3. Compare and contrast the results you determined in Part A and in Part B.

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