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Individual Rights and Public Protection Philosophies

Could I get some information on the following questions for research purposes please?

1. Explains the philosophy and approach for balancing these two (2) issues: individual rights and the public's protection.
2. Explains the philosophy and approach for balancing of these two (2) issues: use of reward and punishment in criminal justice.
3. Explains the philosophy and approach for balancing the use of immoral means (e.g., lying in interrogation) to accomplish desirable ends.
4. And to recommend at least three (3) ways to use ethics in decision making about these issues in criminal justice.

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1. Explains the philosophy and approach for balancing these two (2) issues: individual rights and the public's protection.

The philosophy and approach that is incorporated for balancing individual rights and the public's protection is rooted in the social contract. The idea of the current societal norms that countries in the Western hemisphere currently employ for legal and criminal justice purposes is rooted in the social contract. Prior to our current societies, people in Western countries lived in nomadic conditions that witnessed constant movement, strife over resources, retaliation, and revenge incidents. Individuals had unlimited individual rights and were able to do anything that they pleased, which often led to violence against other nomads for the purpose of stealing food, land, etc. Protection during this time was limited as the sheer lack of a large population resulted in vulnerabilities.
Therefore, groups of nomads gradually banded together to form city units for greater protection, more resources, and better prosperity. These cities and societies required several concessions from those who wished to leave the dangerous nomadic conditions and enter into a more protected society. The biggest concession was the giving away of unlimited individual rights. Nomads who could previously retaliate against someone who killed their family member or raped their wife would have to give up these individual rights to allow justice to be issued out by the laws in the society. These examples were the foundation of societies and resulted in the first instances of people giving away their individual ...

Solution Summary

The expert explains the philosophy and approach for balancing individual rights and the public's protection issues.

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