Please describe for me the major differences between adult and juvenile probation? Which one is more effective - adult or juvenile probation?
Juvenile proceedings - those against persons under 18 years of age - use somewhat different procedures than adult prosecutions. The crimes that may be charged are the same (with the exception of a few offenses applicable only to juveniles) but the procedures are different. Title 19 of the Colorado Revised Statutes is entitled Children's Code, and sets for the procedures governing juvenile proceedings. Juvenile cases are heard by District Court judges, with larger jurisdictions (including Boulder) having one or more district court magistrates assigned to juvenile proceedings and handling most of the pretrial matters. Juvenile cases are prosecuted by the District Attorney, and the juveniles either hire private defense lawyers or are represented by the Office of Public Defender.
Some of the differences are simply differences in terminology. For example, a juvenile is not found "guilty". Rather, he or she is "adjudicated delinquent". There are many substantive differences as well. The differences generally stem from a difference in the underlying philosophy: the philosophy of the juvenile court system is that children need help and training rather than simple punishment, and that both the family and social support systems have a role to play in this effort.
This difference in philosophy is first ...
The differences between adult and juvenile probation and what tends to be more effective.