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Subject Matter Jurisdiction of the U. S. Supreme Court

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Describe the original and appellate subject matter jurisdiction of the U.S. Supreme Court?

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Definition of Subject Matter: "Subject matter is the cause, the object, the thing in dispute.
The authority of a court to decide a particular type of case is called subject- matter jurisdiction and is is set by the federal or state Constitution, or by state statutes."
Citation: http://www.lectlaw.com/def2/s188.htm

The subject matter jurisdiction of the U.S. Supreme Court is bestowed by the U. S. Constitution and Congress which was codified in 28 U.S.C. Part IV, Section 81. The Supreme Court has both original and appellate subject matter jurisdiction.

The exclusive subject matter jurisdiction that the Supreme Court has are disputes between two or more states. No lower federal courts have subject matter jurisdiction over controversies between two or more states. [Section 1251(a)]

On the other hand, the Supreme Court shall have original but not exclusive jurisdiction over controversies involving the following parties: [Section 1251(b)]

ambassadors, other public ministers, consuls, or vice consuls from foreign governments;
United States (Federal government) and any state;
States against citizens of another state or against aliens;

This basically means, for example, that Federal district courts or Federal Administrative Courts (Executive Office of Immigration Review) the, can have original jurisdiction over cases involving deportation of aliens.

The Supreme Court's appellate subject matter are the following:

interlocutory or permanent injunctions in civil actions, suits or proceedings required by any Act of Congress after the case was heard by a federal court of appeals (there are nine federal circuit court of appeals); the statute refers to them as the "three judge courts" because this is the number of judges that seat in the panel that reviews appeal cases in their circuits; (Section 1253)

Note: Interlocutory Injunctions are injunctions issued during a trial to maintain the status quo or preserve the subject matter of the litigation until the trial is over.

Section 1257. Final judgments or decrees made by the state supreme courts over the following subject matters:

--- where the validity of a treaty or statute of the United States is questioned;
--- over a controversy of a state statute that raises an issue over violations of the U.S. Constitution, ...

Solution Summary

A 9,159 word outline describing the original and appellate subject matter jurisdiction of the U. S. Supreme Court citing sections of 28 U.S.C. Part IV, Section 81.

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Supreme-court proceedings that does not include witness testimonies or the testimonies of the plaintiff or defendant, instead, the court requires a legal brief prepared by legal administration from each side before the appointed date of appearance. The attorneys present their opposing arguments on behalf of the client before the judge. The court takes each argument into consideration and thoroughly evaluates the evidence presented and renders a decision according to what is feasible under the U.S. Constitution. Verdicts under the Supreme Court are lengthy; it may take several months before a decision has been reached.

Probate-handles the most sensitive cases for the disabled, elderly, and/or adolescents who are unable to help themselves during legal matters. Probate protects the rights of the aforementioned individuals.

Appellate-consists of paralegals and lawyers that process paperwork from the supreme and appellate court. A case manager is assigned to a case number and follows through on the case from beginning to end. The manager monitors and reviews all of the documents and waits for the appeal. Once the appeal has been filed the manager conducts a comprehensive analysis of the information presented from a jurisdictional and procedural aspect. The case manager double checks the case files to ensure that all the necessary documents are included. In the event information or documentation is missing, the case may be subjected to dismissal unless there is additional information that may be admissible in civil court. (State of Connecticut Judicial Branch (2003).

Supreme-court proceedings that does not include witness testimonies or the testimonies of the plaintiff or defendant, instead, the court requires a legal brief prepared by legal administration from each side before the appointed date of appearance. The attorneys present their opposing arguments on behalf of the client before the judge. The court takes each argument into consideration and thoroughly evaluates the evidence presented and renders a decision according to what is feasible under the U.S. Constitution. Verdicts under the Supreme Court are lengthy; it may take several months before a decision has been reached.

Probate-handles the most sensitive cases for the disabled, elderly, and/or adolescents who are unable to help themselves during legal matters. Probate protects the rights of the aforementioned individuals.

Appellate-consists of paralegals and lawyers that process paperwork from the supreme and appellate court. A case manager is assigned to a case number and follows through on the case from beginning to end. The manager monitors and reviews all of the documents and waits for the appeal. Once the appeal has been filed the manager conducts a comprehensive analysis of the information presented from a jurisdictional and procedural aspect. The case manager double checks the case files to ensure that all the necessary documents are included. In the event information or documentation is missing, the case may be subjected to dismissal unless there is additional information that may be admissible in civil court. (State of Connecticut Judicial Branch (2003).

Superior-handles cases and events for various situations that may include but are not limited to small claims, family court, zoning, jurisdiction, mediation, etc.

How does the state court system operate?

The court system basis its rulings and/or considerations on the application of the Common Law system. The court is comprised up of a two sided argument of a plaintiff and a defendant. Both parties gather all of their documentation in order to prove their case before a judge. Each case is categorized based on a three-tiered system depending on area of importance (Lovorn, 2002).

Now on to federal courts. In what court is the federal government's judicial power vested?
What are the inferior courts, and in which court would a federal suit first be heard?

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