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Strategic Consequences of the Munich Settlemen

The 1938 Munich Settlement averted a European war, but set the stage for a much greater war a year later.

The following is a brief country-by-country account of the strategic fallout of the October 1938 Munich Settlement - proof positive of the folly of appeasement and a good starting point for students researching the WWII era.

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The Strategic Consequences of the Munich Settlement

Failure to appreciate the strategic consequences of Munich insured a much more devastating war with a stronger and more powerful Nazi Germany. After Munich, the European balance of power had shifted and the countries of Eastern Europe were forced into the arms of Nazi Germany.

At Munich, CZ was left totally defenseless because it lost its most heavily fortified areas, vital railway junctions and drastically reduced the territory between Silesia and German-controlled Austria. CZ was now diplomatically isolated and it 30 divisions were no longer a threat to Germany, nor an asset to Britain/France. Germany gained major economic and human resources without a struggle. These included the majority of the existing CZ iron/steel works, textiles, chemical plants, electric power facilities, cement and lignite and rail stock, plus 4 million sympathetic and German-speaking Sudetens - who contributed 6 new Wehrmacht divisions before the end of the year. The rest of CZ financial, human and industrial resources - ...