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Vietnam war and Counter culture

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1. The origin of the counter culture in America and opposition to Vietnam war
2. Political activism during 1960's
3. Changing lifestyle among youngsters
4. Growth of left-wing politics
5. Sexual Revolution
6. Rise of feminism and equality

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https://brainmass.com/history/vietnam-war/vietnam-war-and-counter-culture-265208

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The word "counter culture" refers to the response of the American youngsters to the Vietnam war. When the war began there started an unprecedented opposition from the public and college students. The air was filled with anti-war demonstrations and peace rallies. This anti-war sentiment led to the development of counter culture and a rebellion against the traditions of the middle class American society.

There started an upsurge of political activism among the youngsters and the driving force behind it were the Civil Rights movement and anti-war sentiments. The war brought the New Left Movement to forefront and their political activity was concentrated ...

Solution Summary

This solution contains social structure and life style in United States during 1960s as a result of Vietnam war. This was known as the Counter culture. The Vietnam war and draft following created an unprecedented unrest among the youngsters and college students of US. The counter culture was reflected by a kind of rebellion against the orthodox American society and attraction towards left wing groups. Great changes were made in the field of sex, women' rights etc.

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The counter cultural movement began in 1960s in the wake of Vietnam war. The young people were frustrated due to racism, gender issues, consumerism, and the conservative nature of society in general. They were looking for a change and found it in the emerging counter cultural movements of 1960s. The youngsters began to question the traditional values and culture of the Orthodox American society. They welcomed sex, drugs and pop music. The counter culture movement reached its heights in 1969, when the young people attended the Woodstock Music and Art Festival at Newyork. The festival became a symbol of anti-war movement. The festival was a mixture of hippie, pop and drug culture. One of the notable feature of the counter culture movement was the sexual freedom and rise of feminism. There was a steep rise in abortions, orphans and divorce. Political activism on the part of women resulted in the formation of National organization for Women (NOW). Other than women, homosexuals were also raised their voice for equality which was later included the Civil Rights issue. Stone Wall Inn riots in 1969 and the establishment of Gay Liberation Front were important steps in their struggle for civil rights. The counter cultural sentiments were also expressed in movies and arts. The movement did not limit in North America alone, but spread to Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand. An international rock and roll group from Britain known as the Beatles was widely popular. The counter culture movement had merits and demerits. One the one hand, it stood against the cold war, on the other hand, it rebelled against the traditions of America. The same revolution can be seen today in the struggles of lesbians and homosexuals and in numerous anti-war protests especially against the War on Iraq

The counter cultural movement started on the background of Vietnam War. It was a post-war generation as a result of baby boom. The young people were frustrated due to racism, gender issues, consumerism, and the conservative nature of the society in general. They were looking for a change and they found it in emerging counter cultural movements of 1960s. The youngsters began to question the traditional values and culture. They had questioned the consumerist American culture and followed a life style contrary to the orthodox American society. They welcomed sex, drugs and pop music. In order to form a better world, many of them sought after music, politics, and alternate life styles. The effects of these revolutionary ideas can be seen even today in United States.

The counter culture movement reached its heights in 1969, when young people attended the Woodstock Music and Art Festival at Newyork. The festival became a symbol of anti-war movement. The festival was a mixture of hippie, pop and drug culture.
One of the notable features of the counter culture was the sexual freedom. It resulted in different kinds of birth control methods. Oral contraceptives, IUDs, and diaphragms became popular. There was a steep rise in abortions, orphans and divorce.
The rise of feminism was an important part of the counter culture. It began with the publication of Betty Friedan's "The Feminine Mystique" in 1963. It was a wake up call to women to come out from their traditional role as wife and mother. Women began to attend colleges in large numbers and engaged in many jobs. There were feminine writers such as Gloria Steinem and Slyvia Plath who fought for the equality of women. In the long run, it led to the rise of political activism on the part of women. One such example was the formation of National organization for Women (NOW). Other than women, homosexuals also raised their voice for equality. In 1969, an effort of the Newyork police to close down the StoneWall Inn led to riots. It led to further political activism on the part of gays and resulted in the formation of Gay Liberation Front. Later it became national civil right issue.

The counter cultural sentiments were also expressed in movies. Movies like Apocalypse, The Deer Hunter, Platoon, Born on the Fourth July exposed the horrors of Vietnam war. These movies were filled with sex and violence.
In the field of art, Andy Warhol produced a new kind of art known as the Pop Art. This art form concentrated on everyday items.
Some of the great musicians of the period were Elvis Presley, Boby Darin, Del Shannon, Frankie Avalon, and Paul Anka. Counter culture movement did not limit in North America alone, but it spread to Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand. An international rock and roll group from Britain known as Beatles became popular.

The counter cultural movement in 1960s was an open rebellion against the established traditions of the society. It had merits and demerits. One the one hand, it stood against the cold war, on the other hand, it rebelled against the traditions of America. The same revolution continues today unabated. It can be seen in the freedoms given for lesbians and homosexuals today. Numerous people who are marginalized were benefited by counter culture attitude. We have seen anti-war protests against the recent War on Iraq.

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