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Consequences of Supreme Court Decisions on Americans

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How do Supreme Court decisions affect the rights of American citizens? Please cite at least one case decided by the Supreme Court.
How have various interpretations of the Constitution affected the rights of teachers and students? Please cite at least one case decided by the Supreme Court.

Also help me with a reflection on this 1985 case; New Jersey v. T.L.O.

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The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. As the highest court of the nation, the Supreme Court interprets the Constitution. In some instances, when laws are challenged as unconstitutional, the Supreme Court hears the case and renders a decision on the case. This can impact American citizens in many ways. The Court could make decisions that can limit or expand the various freedoms and liberties of the American citizen. The Court, as well as interpreting the constitution in regards to individual freedoms of the citizens, also regulates the powers between the legislative and executive branches of the government.

There are numerous examples of famous Supreme Court cases that impacted American citizens. One of these controversial cases is Miranda v. Arizona (1966). In this case an individual named Ernesto Miranda was arrested after being identified as a perpetrator of a crime by the victim. At the time, Miranda was not informed of his Fifth and Sixth Amendment rights. The Fifth Amendment gives citizens the right to not incriminate themselves. The Sixth Amendment gives the defendant the right to legal counsel. Now, when being arrested for a crime, a defendant is read their Miranda Rights. This informs the individual of theirs rights in regards to due process and self-incrimination. If the arresting officer fails to inform the individual of their rights, the case can be dropped.

Cases heard by the Supreme Court can affect a citizen's right to privacy (Planned Parenthood of Southeast Pennsylvania v. Casey - 1992), the right to bear arms (United States v. Miller - 1939), the right of ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the impact the Supreme Court has on the rights of American citizens. The solution includes a discussion of several Supreme Court cases.

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The US Supreme Court majority view is that the Act is valid under the Tax & Spending power while the USSC minority view is that the Act is invalid because it allows Congress to direct the creation of commerce.

The US Supreme Court majority held that the Act is valid under the Tax & Spending power because the Act leaves the uninsured with a rational choice about whether to buy the plan, and any State that "voluntarily and knowingly" accepts the terms of the new Medicare program agrees to be penalized if they do not do what they are told. But several USSC justices dissented that the Act was invalid because Congress can only regulate commerce and not create commerce. By forcing the citizens to buy a medical plan, Congress is directing the creation of commerce

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