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American Government Formation and Supreme Court

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1. What are some of the historical events that shaped the formation of the U.S. federal government? Select one event you think had a major effect on the federal government. How does this event affect Americans today?

2. Who were some of the early philosophical contributors to American government? How did their ideas help shape the current government of the United States?

3. Describe the historical role of the Supreme Court in federalism cases and the direction it has taken since 1990.

4. What is the main function of the legislative branch? What role does the executive branch play in the formation of laws? Summarize how these two branches work together.

5. What is the role of the judicial branch? Who elects members of this branch? Briefly describe the judicial process.

(Short answers are only required for each questions - No word limit)

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1. In England, the Puritans had a falling out with King Charles I, and with this they began to migrate to the New World. Another would be the taxing of goods and other things by the English on Americans without adequate representation in Parliament. The help and growing friendship between the French and those in the New World. The Revolutionary War, which was to bring the Americans under control for the English. The growing expansion of English lands throughout the world. All of these had an affect on the federal government and how it was set up. Today, many of these still create issues for Americans. Taxation without adequate representation, religious freedoms and freedom to complain about or support religious based ideas, continued foreign policies, right to bear arms, how to give ...

Solution Summary

Answers to posed discussion questions on the U.S. Government.

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Court case that contributes to government in the US

Marbury v. Madison was a major subject that diffused a foremost interest to many common Americans. Many people were intrigue with its circumstances and also animated to see the outcome or the results. William Marbury was promised to become the Justice of the Peace by John Adams in his "midnight appointments" prior to his departure as the president but could not retain such position once James Madison took office as the Secretary of State under tHomas Jefferson (Foner, 2012). Marbury filed a lawsuit that was mediated by Chief Justice John Marshall which later the Supre Court decided that despite its support of Marbury and the ethics he represented, that using the Supreme Court for such matter was unconstitutional. Fletcher v. Peck was another popular and controversial Supreme Court case which favored Fletcher's claim that previous acts passed concerning any land grants or property rights cannot be taken away by land companies (Foner, 2012). McCullogh v. Maryland in which Maryland imposed taxes on all banks including bank notes in which the judgment supported McCullough's appeal that for not complying with Maryland Law (Foner 2012).

In this discussion:

Describe an important court case from the early 19th century such as Marbury v. Madison, Fletcher v. Peck or McCulloch v. Maryland, etc. Explain why your chosen case was important in developing the system of government in the United States. Be sure to support your points with references to your readings.

Learning Outcomes (All of Module V)

1. Describe the development of the U.S. economy in the early 19th century.

2. Examine the development of America's foreign policy.

3. Analyze the major court cases that shaped the American judicial system.

4. Evaluate the Jackson administration and the evolution of the government established by the Founding Fathers.

5. Explain mounting sectional differences.

References (Sources used for Module V)
1. Chapters 9-10 in Give Me Liberty Jackson, A. (1830). Message to Congress on Indian removal. Retrieved from http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=25
2. Foner, E. (2012). Chapter 9, Author insights [Podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.wwnorton.com/college/history/give-me-liberty3/ch/09/podcast.aspx
3. Foner, E. (2012). Chapter 10, Author insights [Podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.wwnorton.com/college/history/give-me-liberty3/ch/10/podcast.aspx
4. Marbury v. Madison. (1803). Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/antebellum/sources_document10.html
5. Library of Congress. (2010, July 23). Religion and the founding of the American Republic. Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/rel07.html

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