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    separation of church and state

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    The issue of religion in public schools is the vast topic.

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    The Constitution states, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof." There are two separate but related statements here, but what do they mean? What did it mean to the founding fathers? Thankfully, we have clear cut answers to these questions from historical sources.

    "Congress shall make no law" -- that's pretty clear. Congress shall not make any law regarding an establishment of religion or against the free exercise of religion. Therefore, any time that Congress makes a law regarding the establishment of religion or regarding the free exercise of one's religion, then, according to the constitution, that law is null and void.

    Now, what does "establishment" mean? According to most ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution debates separation of church and state.