Explore BrainMass

Roosevelt's New Deal and Change in the US

How did Roosevelt's New Deal (1932-1944) bring about social, economic, and political change in U.S. Society following the Great Depression?

Solution Preview

A brief history: In 1932, one in four Americans - more than 11 million people - were unemployed (Velm, 2008). This wasn't a good time for President Hoover. Much of the country blamed him for the Depression. From 1924 to 1929, conservative Republican presidents let businesses do what it wanted to - the stock market boomed because it was based on consumer debt and high consumer spending. Republicans raised tariffs, making products more expensive. When the stock market crashed on Black Tuesday in 1929, it marked the end. Other factors that contributed to the Great Depression included bank failures, too many poor people, farm failures, environmental disasters and government inaction.

President Hoover's response to the crash was the Smoot-Hawley Tariff: "The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of June 1930 raised US tariffs to historically high levels. This piece of legislation was originally intended to help protect domestic farmers against agricultural imports. During World War I, countries outside of Europe increased their agricultural production. Then when the war ended, European producers stepped up their production. Thus massive agricultural overproduction occurred during the 1920s. This in turn led to declining farm prices during the second half of the decade" (Kelly, 2012). Unemployment rose to 25 percent by 1933 (Wiegand, 2009). Democratic President Roosevelt easily won the presidential election in 1933 and started passing New Deal Programs to help ordinary people.

FDR could go down as the perfect president for the time. He was approachable, friendly and seemed to have sympathy and self-confidence. Like Lincoln and Washington, he got the best out of people and how to compromise. His New Deal programs centered on three R's: Relief, Recover, and Reform. Immediate relief from hunger and homelessness which was a real issue in 1933; help the economy recover so that people would have stable jobs and businesses to support ...

Solution Summary

The solution briefly describes the causes of the great depression of 1929. It then lists all the accomplishments of President Roosevelt in creating the NewDeal and how it helped turn the country around. There are four citations listed using APA styling.