What problems did the United States face after gaining independence? How did the national government under the Articles of Confederation seem incapable of addressing those problems?
What were the major debates during the Constitutional Convention? How did the Constitution address the failures of the Articles of Confederation?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 9, 2019, 9:23 pm ad1c9bdddf
Good questions! Let's take a closer look. Your text is also a great resource for these questions.
1. What problems did the United States face after gaining independence?
Unfortunately, the United States faced the same problems after gaining independence. Instead of making the necessary changes to address the problems after independence, much of society remained the same, such as:
1) taxation with out representation
2) controls over what could be manufactured
3) controls over what could be imported and exported
4) imposed conditions of servitude and individual economic deprivation
5) many others but these 4 were the key to the unrest. In fact, the first one was among the most important.
Why? The new State leaders had mostly been colonial leaders before the War, so they continued to do things the same way. Second, social and economic orders remained largely the same, so many of the issues facing the new federal government were the same as those faced by Britain before the war (the four problems above and other mentioned in the excerpt below). For example, they still needed to collect taxes to run the government and convince reluctant citizens to comply. However, they succeeded. The new government also faced danger without the British fleet to protect it. It salvaged the challenge, even though it was at the mercy of many foreign powers that could attack American merchant vessels at will.
New problems: The central government had no power to control business activities or directly levy taxes, so it could not gain any money to pay its debts and officials. As there were no limits or judicial controls on the state congress, the states were quarreling over a lot of affairs. In addition to the domestic problems, the young nation also had to bear problems brought about by foreign countries. In this chaotic condition, most Americans expected to establish a new government so that their rights and ...
This solution identifies and explains the problems faced by the Americans after gaining independence and how the national government under the Articles of Confederation seemed incapable of addressing those problems. The major debates during the Constitutional Convention are then discussed, as well as the ways that Constitution addressed the failures of the Articles of Confederation.