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Divided Powers within the US government

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Concurrent Powers: Concurrent powers are the powers which are shared by both Federal and state governments. Examples are power to tax, maintain courts and borrow money
Delegated Powers: Delegated powers are the powers which are given specifically to Federal governments. These powers were also known as enumerated powers. Examples are coin money, regulate interstate and international trade, declare war etc.
Reserved powers: There are some powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government or forbid to the states. These are called reserved powers. Examples of reserved powers are run elections, regulate interstate trade etc.
States may generally legislate on all matters within their territorial jurisdiction.
This "police power" does not arise from the Constitution, but is an inherent attribute of the states' territorial sovereignty. The Constitution does, however, provide certain specific limitations on that power. For instance, a state is relatively limited in its
authority regarding the regulation of foreign imports and exports or the conduct of foreign affairs. Further, states must respect the decisions of courts of other states, and are limited in their ability to vary their territory without congressional permission

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Concurrent Powers: Concurrent powers are the powers which are shared by both Federal and state governments.  Examples are power to tax, maintain courts and borrow money
Delegated Powers:   Delegated powers are the powers which are given specifically to Federal governments.  These powers were also ...

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This is connected with the divided powers granted by the US constitution. Some of these powers were concurrent, delegated and reserved powers. Concurrent powers are the powers which are shared by both Federal and state governments. Delegated powers are the powers which are given specifically to Federal governments. Reserved powers are the powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government or forbid to the states

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1. What were the reasons America's forefathers divided the government into the legislative, judicial, and presidential branches? How does this benefit the three branches?

The idea that power can be abused if monopolized by one individual is not a new idea. Ancient history is replete with examples of absolute rulers who terrorized neighboring societies as well as their own people. The Roman Caesars drove the Roman Empire to ruin through their megalomania and abuse of power. Louis XIV and Louis XVI of France provided a similarly disastrous leadership style in France. Lord Acton, famed British historian and moralist wrote the following in a letter to Bishop Mandell Creighton in 1887, "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men." William Pitt served as the British Prime Minister from 1766 to 1778. The dissatisfaction and resentment in the American colonies was building and would lead the Patriot leaders to embrace open rebellion against England in 1776. In 1770 William Pitt, in a speech before the House of Commons, made the following insightful quote. "Unlimited power is apt to corrupt the minds of those who possess it." (McClellan, 2000)

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