Imagine that a founding father of your choice has been brought to the future and you have been given the opportunity to talk with him about our federalist representative form of government. He is interested in learning about the current state of our federalist representative form of government.
- Explain the roles of the various branches of government, their administrative functions, and their structural and political characteristics.
- Provide at least two examples for both exclusive federal powers and exclusive state powers.
- Describe the role courts play in determining the nature of federal-state relations.
- Discuss the recommendations you have to improve or maximize the efficiencies of the federalist representative form of government.
- As you converse with this founding father, he should give his opinion on the current state of the federalist representative form of government and what surprises him about how it has evolved over time.
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The following provides some guidelines of how you can frame a conversation on the given topic between you and one of the founding fathers, Thomas Jefferson, about the federalist representative form of government of USA.
Me: Sir, I want to know what you think about the roles of different branches of government and their administrative functions and structural and political characteristics.
Jefferson: In the constitution of US, mainly, there are three branches of government namely executive branch, legislative branch and judicial branch. These three branches bear the set of rules for the government in order to maintain law and order in the society and carry out the defense. In this, the main role of executive branch, in which President and cabinet are the major parts, is enforcing the law, making treaties, and signing the bills for the nation. The cabinet provides advises to the president on different matters. The eligibility criteria for a person to preside the country are that he/she should be a natural-born citizen of US and should be at least 35 years of age (Gamble, 2009).
The other branch i.e. legislative branch takes care of constitution of US in the Congress. The main role of this branch is to look after the law and order in the country. The legislative branch is divided into two chambers such as Senate and House of representatives. The Senate has total 100 seats, which is made by 2 seats of each state and House of Representatives has 435 seats, which is allocated to each state on the basis of its population. The third branch, judicial branch, hears judicial cases. The main role of this branch is related to the ...
This response provides guidelines, references and notes related to roles of the various branches of government, examples of federal powers and exclusive state powers, role of courts in determining the nature of federal-state relations and recommendations for maximizing the efficiencies of the federalist representative form of government.
Explain why, in the microeconomics view of the world, the operation of the private market as a default, maximizes economic efficiency--hence, why government intervention on efficiency grounds has to be specifically justified by particular circumstances.
The answers should be 1 short paragraph for each subpart.
a) Explain why, in the microeconomics view of the world, the operation of the private market as a default, maximizes economic efficiency--hence, why government intervention on efficiency grounds has to be specifically justified by particular circumstances.
b) What are the 3 specific circumstances, where the operation of private markets does not maximize economic efficiency, hence, where government intervention is conceptually justfied on efficiency grounds?
c) Picking 2 of the 3 examples from part (b), draw diagrams which show how the market responds to the optimal government intervention designed to correct the efficiency problem, and explain, with appropriate lettering in the figures,, the net economic effects on all of the affected parties, and the net efficiency effect that results when the "market failure" is fixed through government intervention.
d) Explain the conservative critique of the accounting result obtained in part (C), and the more general critique of the philosophy that government intervention is justified to fix the efficiency probblem in such cases. Please see attached handout on "market failure" versus "government failure" for explanation of these 2 terms.
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