Marbury v. Madison was a major subject that diffused a foremost interest to many common Americans. Many people were intrigue with its circumstances and also animated to see the outcome or the results. William Marbury was promised to become the Justice of the Peace by John Adams in his "midnight appointments" prior to his departure as the president but could not retain such position once James Madison took office as the Secretary of State under tHomas Jefferson (Foner, 2012). Marbury filed a lawsuit that was mediated by Chief Justice John Marshall which later the Supre Court decided that despite its support of Marbury and the ethics he represented, that using the Supreme Court for such matter was unconstitutional. Fletcher v. Peck was another popular and controversial Supreme Court case which favored Fletcher's claim that previous acts passed concerning any land grants or property rights cannot be taken away by land companies (Foner, 2012). McCullogh v. Maryland in which Maryland imposed taxes on all banks including bank notes in which the judgment supported McCullough's appeal that for not complying with Maryland Law (Foner 2012).
In this discussion:
Describe an important court case from the early 19th century such as Marbury v. Madison, Fletcher v. Peck or McCulloch v. Maryland, etc. Explain why your chosen case was important in developing the system of government in the United States. Be sure to support your points with references to your readings.
Learning Outcomes (All of Module V)
1. Describe the development of the U.S. economy in the early 19th century.
2. Examine the development of America's foreign policy.
3. Analyze the major court cases that shaped the American judicial system.
4. Evaluate the Jackson administration and the evolution of the government established by the Founding Fathers.
5. Explain mounting sectional differences.
References (Sources used for Module V)
1. Chapters 9-10 in Give Me Liberty Jackson, A. (1830). Message to Congress on Indian removal. Retrieved from http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=25
2. Foner, E. (2012). Chapter 9, Author insights [Podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.wwnorton.com/college/history/give-me-liberty3/ch/09/podcast.aspx
3. Foner, E. (2012). Chapter 10, Author insights [Podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.wwnorton.com/college/history/give-me-liberty3/ch/10/podcast.aspx
4. Marbury v. Madison. (1803). Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/antebellum/sources_document10.html
5. Library of Congress. (2010, July 23). Religion and the founding of the American Republic. Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/rel07.html
If I'm reading the assignment correctly, I am only to do a single case from early US history. The learning objectives are not part of the assignment, but there to give me some background for the class. I'm also assuming that I need not do Marbury v Madison, that's just an example. Please tell me if I'm wrong.
A major Court case that is not studied enough. Gibbons v Ogden (22 US 1, 1824).
Not only was this immensely significant to government and Constitutional interpretation, but the lawyers involved were as famed as the issues themselves.
The issue was the supremacy of federal law in cases of interstate commerce. The Anti-Federalist movement argued that the commerce clause was so huge and vague that it gave the federal government near totalitarian powers. This case was the first link in a long chain.
The question was whether or not states can grant chartered monopolies. This had been the case in England with institutions like the East India Company. New York wanted a national network of shipping lines under state authority (if not control). They gave a monopoly to one shipping company, one owned by Robert Livingston, a major Federalist politician and very well connected. Naturally, his competition was extremely angry, and filed suit with the argument that states cannot establish such restrictions, since states, in interstate economics, were totally under federal law.
Ogden, another major politician (from New Jersey) refused to go along with this scheme. Daniel Webster was Ogden's attorney (Ogden was one himself). In the state Court, he won. Hence, the monopoly appealed to the Supreme ...
The court case that contributes to government in the United States. The important cases from the early 19th century are provided.