1. The Spanish, French and English all explored America and left a lasting mark on the New World development. Compare and contrast the colonization methods used by each. Be sure to discuss the goals, characteristics and lasting effects of each power's methods.
2. As farming became fundamental to ancient societies in Central America, it had a drastic impact on the population of these societies. Identify what you believe to be the three most important effects of farming, and explain your choices thoroughly.
3. The Glorious Revolution impacted not only the mother country but also the colonies. What was the Glorious Revolution, what was its political impact in England, and how did it help shape the ideology of American colonists?
4. The mercantilist system will eventually be cited as a reason for the American Revolution. However, this was not always the case. Define the mercantilist system and its effects on the colonies prior to 1760. Also, explain the initial colonial reaction to this system.
5. The colonials used both peaceful and violent methods to oppose the British policies imposed on America from 1763-75. Identify and elaborate on two such methods - one peaceful and one violent. Which of the two identified do you think was more effective and why?
6. Explain the purpose of the Proclamation of 1763. Was the proclamation effective? Why or why not? How did colonials' natives and the British react to both the Proclamation and its effects?
7. A number of disagreements occurred at the Constitutional Convention of 1787. What were they and how were they resolved?
8. Describe and analyze the wartime experiences and the Revolution and the effects on women?
The three different colonizing countries, of course, had their own ideas and values that they wanted to bestow upon their colonies. However, all three's main goals were to civilize the people who they considered inferior and backwards from Asia, Africa, and Latin America. As well, they wanted to use the new land to extract resources and build new economies. This would be done by maintaining strict rule over the new colonies and maintaining control over its people.
Spain went through great lengths to convert the people in Latin America to Christianity. This is because of Queen Isabella's commitment to the Catholic faith. She worried about the savages souls greatly and thought that they were scandalous without proper spiritual guidance. As a result, there was a widespread conversion by the Catholic church and the establishment of missions throughout the colonies occurred. Today there are still missions found in places like Los Angeles and Santa Barbers.
As far as administration, the Spanish were not very good leaders. They did not have a very flexible system of ruling and all major decisions were made in Spain which was hundred miles away. Because of this, crisis went unsolved because authorities had not power to make changes when they were needed without permission.
For France, they believed in "assimilation." This means that they had little interest in converting the people to Christianity; rather, their aim was to export French culture, the food, and language to their new colonies. They did their best to make sure that their new colonies were an extension of France by educating their subjects encouraging them to think as the French would and forcing them to live by French standards. This, in turn, cost France a great deal of money and soon it became a great financial strain.
In contrast, the British were very practical. They allowed for limited self-governing when it was financially feasible (such as in Canada and Australia), and they set up local assemblies made up of white settlers in others colonies such as South Africa and Kenya, However, in India, they set up direct rule. Of course these decisions were racially motivated. The British did not try to export their culture, but rather adopted specific aspects of it to help in the running of the empire, for example their British education system. This resulted in a strong dedication to Britain in most countries but not in all. Remember, this form of governing lead to the American Revolution too!
Colonization of America. Found February 26, 2013:
The first most important impact that farming has on the world is that it stopped the nomadic way of life. Between 10,000 B.C. and 8,000 B.C, people began to grow their own food sources and then no longer had to wonder around looking and hunting for food. They could stay in one place, established a home, and grow their food without wondering around and worrying if they would find and capture ...
The solution discusses the American revolution in the 1700s.