How do the issues Luther present for debate illustrate the problems in the Church of his day?
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Luther basically discusses three main problems (as he saw it) in the Catholic Church of his day. Each one of the 95 theses is a sentence or two that tries to attack these problems by the use of logic and reason (and usually, proving why they are not logical or reasonable).
The problems, broadly speaking, that Luther ponders over again and again in the Theses are as follows. 1. what "repentance" for sins really is, and should be (Luther points out that you need both internal remorse and outward atonement where you fix what you did). He talks at length about what repentance and penitence is. 2. Related to this, he examines whether or not "indulgences" (which he ...
The solution provides insight, information and discussion of the topic (see above) of how the issues Martin Luther presented and debated showed and explored the problems of the Church during his time and why Reformation happened.