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Luther and the Church During the Reformation

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How do the issues Luther present for debate illustrate the problems in the Church of his day?

http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/luther/ninetyfive.txt

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Luther basically discusses three main problems (as he saw it) in the Catholic Church of his day. Each one of the 95 theses is a sentence or two that tries to attack these problems by the use of logic and reason (and usually, proving why they are not logical or reasonable).

The problems, broadly speaking, that Luther ponders over again and again in the Theses are as follows. 1. what "repentance" for sins really is, and should be (Luther points out that you need both internal remorse and outward atonement where you fix what you did). He talks at length about what repentance and penitence is. 2. Related to this, he examines whether or not "indulgences" (which he ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides insight, information and discussion of the topic (see above) of how the issues Martin Luther presented and debated showed and explored the problems of the Church during his time and why Reformation happened.

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Middle Ages

Western Civilization achieved a relatively sophisticated level of organization during the High Middle Ages, ca. 900 - 1300 AD--why did medieval Europe give way to the early-modern era (post-1400 AD)?

I responding, please consider the following events or movements; provide examples of how traditional political, religious, or social power in Europe was challenged as the Middle Ages declined:

a. The Crises of the 14th Century (100 Years War, Black Death, Church Schism)
b. The Renaissance
c. The Reformation
d. The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment

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