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American Cities, 1865 Through the Early 20th Century

What was one of the ways American city changed from 1865 to early 20th century? Analyze its historical significance? What was the short and long term effects did the transformation of American cities have on the nation?

I know that it was remarkable period of change in America roughly from 1865 to the early 20th century. Cities expanded at an incredibly rapid pace and went through a fundamental transformation in composition and construction. I need some help getting started with research as this is new learning.

My text is e Book
Bowles, M. (2011). A history of the United States since 1865. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education

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One of the most interesting and intriguing ways in which the American city changed between 1865 and the early 20Th century, was in its demographic composition. During this period, there was a tremendously significant increase in the number of European immigrants to many of our larger northern cities. In fact, between the years 1865 and 1918 there were nearly 27.6 million new arrivals from Europe.

What must be understood about the significance of the arrival of this large group of individuals is that these immigrants had a tremendous impact on the transformation of American cities in a number of ways. When these immigrants arrived, America was experiencing a tremendous rise in industrialization, which required a steady source of reliable labour. The ...