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Springdale Health And Society

The Springdale Community Coalition has asked each member to gather some information about specific health issues as they work toward creating a healthier community. You were asked to focus on obesity. Read the following studies on obesity:

Frank et al. Obesity Relationships with Community Design, Physical Activity, and Time Spent in Cars. Am J Prev Med 2004;27(2)

Froehlich-Grobe K and Lollar D. Obesity and Disability, Time to Act. Am J Prev Med 2011;41(5):541-545

After reviewing the materials listed in the Background Information, write a paper to address the following:
1.What is the extent of the obesity problem in the United States?
2.What individual, social, and environmental factors have led to the epidemic of obesity in the United States? Specify at least one of each. Consider community design and the evidence presented by Frank et al (2004) in your response.
3.What strategies can the Springdale Community Coalition use to combat obesity at the community level? You can discuss strategies for community planning, neighborhoods, schools, worksites, or healthcare facilities (just choose one). Consider the disabled community and the data presented by Froehlich-Grobe. How would this population be addressed and accommodated differently than for the general population?

Solution Preview

The extent of the obesity problem in the United States had increased every year since 1980s, and the problem of obesity will continue to rise in all gender, age, ethnicities, and education levels. In the US, about 31% of US adults and these obesity is associated with poor health. There is an estimated of about 280000 deaths of US adults per year attributed to obesity and overweight. In the US, the obesity related morbidity was estimated to account for 9.1% of the total annual US medical expenditures. Today, there are about 34% of Americans that have a BMI above 30 indicative of obesity. The dramatic rise in obesity has generated an increasing concern that the excess weight can lead to chronic disease, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and cancer. The cost of being obese is about 42% higher for someone who is obese compared to normal individual. Some estimated that obesity can cause more death than smoking alone in the US. Obesity have been associated with diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, asthma, arthritis, and poor health status. ...

Solution Summary

The extent of the obesity problem in the United States had increased every year since 1980s, and the problem of obesity will continue to rise in all gender, age, ethnicities, and education levels. In the US, about 31% of US adults and these obesity is associated with poor health. Obesity must be addressed by sponsoring programs that required people to exercise and be physically fit.

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