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duty-oriented reasoning

A scoutmaster who has inadvertently lead his scouts into a cave that is filling with water and there is no way out except a narrow opening that the large scoutmaster has gotten himself stuck in.

Paramedics have arrived and cannot extract the scoutmaster from the opening of the cave and the scouts are now in grave peril. The only option left open to the paramedics is to sacrifice the scoutmaster. What are the correct actions and answers to the pertinent questions in this scenario?

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The basis for this assignment comes from the given case. In this case we are to come to a correct course of action. We are given the scenario of a scoutmaster who has inadvertently lead his scouts into a cave that is filling with water and there is no way out except a narrow opening that the large scoutmaster has gotten himself stuck in. Paramedics have arrived and cannot extract the scoutmaster from the opening of the cave and the scouts are now in grave peril. The only option left open to the paramedics is to sacrifice the scoutmaster. The following questions are asked of us:

1. What is the correct action for this case?
I am not sure if sacrificing the scoutmaster will mean he will die or if he will be rescued after the scouts. I will express my stance on the premise that he will be rescued after the scouts have been rescued.
I would rescue the scouts and try to save the scoutmaster later even if the postponement of rescuing the scoutmaster meant he would not survive. I would still save the scouts first, and then return for the scoutmaster.

2. First, justify your decision using duty-oriented reasoning.
Duty-oriented theory designates the right or wrong of actions based on the given action and does not base it on personal consequences or circumstances. This theory concedes that there are certain truths that all individuals must adhere to equally and without exception. These unyielding truths must have certain actions that coincide with the truth and that uphold the truth. There are many skeptics as well as supporters of this theory.
I stand by the decision to save the scouts due to the unyielding truth that every life is considered sacred. This means that doing the right thing is to save everyone. The dilemma here, however, is that checking all routes of escape to no avail and trying to free the scoutmaster, it becomes evident that the only course of action to save ...

Solution Summary

This solution articulates duty-oriented reasoning.

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