The purpose of single-subject designs is to allow teachers to demonstrate experimental control and intervention effects with a single child or a small group of children. Thus, these designs are ideal for classroom teachers, parents, and others who want to demonstrate the effectiveness of their behavior reduction strategies.
Review the article "Single-Subject Design" and the PowerPoint presentation "Single-Subject Designs." Also view the video ABAB Withdrawal Designs, on how to read the collected data. Then, read the case study Level C, Case 2 from "Measuring Behavior."
In your paper:
State the independent variable (IV) and dependent variable (DV) from the case study Level C, Case 2.
State the behavior that needs to be changed or treated. The behavior must be specified as clearly as possible in order for it to be reliably measured.
Explain how you can create a single-subject design for this student. Use key terms as part of your explanation.
Discuss how to read data collection charts to determine if your design is effectively managing the targeted behavior.
Describe at least three short-term, measurable goals, and one long-term, measurable goal using the data collected in the study to design an ABA change format for Rachel.
You must support your thoughts with at least one scholarly source in addition to the text and the sources provided. Your paper should two to three pages, excluding the title and reference pages, and formatted according to APA guidelines, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 9:52 am ad1c9bdddf
In accordance with BrainMass standards, this Is not a hand in ready paper but background help.
In Level C, Case 2, the independent variable (IV) is the intervention that the teachers will do to improve the behavior of Rachel. The dependent variables (DV) are the "calling out behavior" and "Off-task behavior" of Rachel.
The behaviors that need to be changed or treated are as follows: During reading and comprehension activities, Rachel blurts out answers to questions without waiting to be called on. Second. During reading and comprehension activities, Rachel talks to friends, and writes notes during reading and comprehension activities.
A single subject design can be created for Rachel by initiating a non-treatment phase once the behavior of Rachel shows stability. After her behavior becomes stable, and data has been collected, the treatment phase is initiated. After her behavior stabilizes during the treatment phase, the treatment is withdrawn. During each of the three phases, the dependent variable in the experiment is ...
This solution explains the identification of the independent and dependent variables in a single subject design. The sources used are also included in the solution.
Problems and Exercises I
(See the attached page)
A behavior therapist seeks to reduce the frequency of hitting behavior exhibited by a 6-year-old child in a classroom for emotionally disturbed children. The child frequently strikes other children and even the teacher. The therapist trains one of the teacher's aides to reward the child with small candy reinforcers when the child has not struck anyone for a period of 5 minutes. The experiment is conducted during two 1-hour sessions each weekday for a period of 4 weeks. An ABAB design is used, each week comprising a different stage. The results of this behavioral intervention are shown on the attachment page. Answer two question below:
1. Does visual inspection of the data obtained in this hypothetical study provide evidence for the effectiveness of the treatment? Why or why not?
2. Provide two suggestions for improving the quality of the evidence for the effectiveness of the treatment in this situation.View Full Posting Details