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Explaining the nature of logic as it relates to critical thinking in APA style double space.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com March 21, 2019, 11:37 am ad1c9bdddf
LEASE SEE RESPONSE ATTACHED FOR BEST FORMATTING OF TABLE CONTENT (alos presented below), AS WELL AS TWO SUPPORTING ARTICLES. I HOPE THIS HELPS AND TAKE CARE.
Explaining the nature of logic as it relates to critical thinking
Not everyone defines this term in exactly the same way.
Fundamentally, though, one author points out that Critical Thinking or Informal Logic deals with the use of reason in the pursuit of truth. While there is serious doubt about the power of reason to discover any "new" truth, the "rules" of logic concern the ways truth can be preserved as we make inferences -- one or more statements to support or justify another statement. Taken this way, there is no great "mystery" to the concepts of Logic. At the very core of logic is the idea that certain "patterns of inference" - i.e. models for combining statements that support with those which are supposedly supported ¬ will, if the supporting statements are true, guarantee the truth of the statement supported by them. In studying logic, we identify, study, and apply these assumptions or principles of logical reasoning and express them in some general way - a way which is independent of the subject being reasoned about. (http://www.kcmetro.cc.mo.us/longview/ctac/corenotes.htm).
In other words, for this author the use of informal logic (i.e., use of reason - patterns of inferences or reflective judgments as the author below refers to logic) is what critical thinking is all about. See http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/logic-informal/ for more on informal logic, which is attached for convenience).
Indeed, I have located an excellent paper that discusses the importance of aspects of logic (i.e., assumptions about knowledge and reflective judgment levels) in relation to critical thinking, which I attached for convenience. The paper is also written in APA style, so you can follow the basic format for your own paper. Although the paper is written specifically about MBA students, the information is relevant to your topic and applicable to other students as well. The paper elaborates on the specific impact of student logic (i.e., beliefs about knowledge, reflective judgments) on their attempts at identifying, framing and resolving unstructured problems that require critical thinking.
In other words, this author explains the nature of logic as it relates to critical thinking in terms of the assumptions that students hold about knowledge and their reflective judgment ...
At it relates to education, this solution explains the nature of logic as it relates to critical thinking. A table of classroom behaviors that hamper critical thinking and judgment in students is also provided, as well as two supplementary articles.