Share
Explore BrainMass

Learning Theories

1. Provide three examples of learning experiences and link each of the examples to the behavioral, cognitive, and constructivist/contextual theories. For each example, be sure to describe why each example reflected the characteristics of theories.

2. Using practical examples, explain how a course designer might use active learning and exploratory learning principles in carrying out systematic instructional technology. Use the AECT definition of instructional technology as a basis.

3. Current debate within the educational field surrounds the idea that different content requires different instructional strategies. Do you agree or disagree and why? Another recent area of discussion surrounds the idea that adults and children should be "instructed" differently because they "learn" differently. Do you agree or disagree and why?

4. Using the internet, find information on Educational Paradigms and respond to the following questions:
a. Which paradigm best describes a school's environment? Why? Provide an example.
b. How does the school paradigm affect the assessments and measurement of student learning?
c. Which paradigm most represents education and assessment?

Solution Preview

Education, Other
Year 4
Learning Theories

1. Provide three examples of learning experiences and link each of the examples to the behavioral, cognitive, and constructivist/contextual theories. For each example, be sure to describe why each example reflected the characteristics of theories.

An example for illustrating behaviorism is: a student is working on a task, in which the performance of the learner is focused more than the attributes of the task or the skill level that it entails. So, in this situation, the student's learning "behavior" is the focus of the behavior theory. It draws from the classic experiments of contingent reward giving, which were done by Skinner in animal studies. The theory extends to human behavior especially in the context of early childhood learning development.

Cognitive theory is focused on the cognitive aspects of the learner's educational setting. Many theorists in this theoretical realm, including Olson and Flavell (see references below), emphasize the importance of the cognitive factors involved in making a learner become involved in the learning task such as child hood literacy learning. This helps form the basis for better cognitive skills of understanding and meta cognition, on the part of the learner. Such a learner will be exposed with learning tasks that probe these same critical thinking skills of the learner without much intervention or guided practice by an adult caregiver/ teacher.

Finally, Constructivist or Piagetian theory of learning in the context of education focuses on the child's natural progression in her/his learning development. The child is a constructivist and therefore can handle the learning stimuli at her/his own pace, in a manner in which s/he can explore the ...

Solution Summary

Learning Theories

$2.19