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ID Models: ELM, ARCS, and Gerlach and Ely

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The ELM, ARCS, and Gerlach and Ely Models are three instructional design models that you will explore in Module 2. What are the characteristics of these models? How is one model specifically different from the other? You may wonder if the models require validation using various methods. If the models do require different validation methods, can they be compared to one another with accuracy?

◦Discuss the characteristics of the ELM model.
◦Discuss the characteristics of the ARCS model.
◦Discuss the characteristics of the Gerlach and Ely Model.
◦Compare and contrast the ELM, ARCS, and Gerlach and Ely Models.
◦Notes:
1. Describe how the models support instruction.
2.How the models guide evaluation of student learning.
3.What is the standard(s) by which a model is considered valid.

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Solution Preview

Hello and thank you for your question.

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◦Discuss the characteristics of each model.

ELM (Experiential Learning) Model: This model emphasizes the idea that learning occurs when the student takes interest in the subject matter and engages in self-initiated learning. Learning is an on-going process that is based on experience, interactions with the environment, and involves obtaining knowledge through social interactions. It consists of the steps: Experience, Share, Process, Generalize, and Apply.

ARCS Model: The ARCS model consists of four elements - Attention, Relevance, Confidence, and Satisfaction. The Attention element involves grasping the attention of the student through various surprising or quizzical activities/ modes. The Relevance element focuses on allowing students to relate to the content so they understand it better. The confidence model emphasizes the idea of instilling confidence within learners so they can be motivated to succeed. The Satisfaction element relates to rewarding students based on their achievements so as to help them be further motivated.

Gerlach and Ely Model: This model focuses mainly on two keys aspects - well-defined goals for teaching and modes in which way these learning outcomes can be achieved. It consists of ten elements which in order, are - specification of content, specification of objectives, assessment of entering behaviours, determination of strategy, organization of groups, allocation of time, allocation of space, selection of resources, evaluation of performance and analysis of feedback. ...

Solution Summary

The ELM, ARCS, and Gerlach and Ely Models are three instructional design models that you will explore in Module 2. What are the characteristics of these models? How is one model specifically different from the other? You may wonder if the models require validation using various methods. If the models do require different validation methods, can they be compared to one another with accuracy?
◦Discuss the characteristics of the ELM model.
◦Discuss the characteristics of the ARCS model.
◦Discuss the characteristics of the Gerlach and Ely Model.
◦Compare and contrast the ELM, ARCS, and Gerlach and Ely Models.
◦Notes:
1. Describe how the models support instruction.
2.How the models guide evaluation of student learning.
3.What is the standard(s) by which a model is considered valid.

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