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    Descriptive Statistics and Its Use in Education

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    I am currently enrolled in a Masters of Special Ed class. This question pertains to this class.
    1. Please explain the dimensions of descriptive statistics. What is it and how is it used in education?
    2. Please give a brief description of reliability, validity, bell curve, mean, standard deviation, standard scores, scaled scores, t-scores and percentiles.

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    Dimensions of descriptive statistics in education
    In accordance with the Disability Categories under IDEA 2004, "Children are eligible to receive special education services and supports if they meet the eligibility requirements for at least one of the disabling conditions listed in IDEA 2004 and if it is determined that they are in need of special education services." Among the disability categories are the following: Autism, deaf blindness, emotional disturbance, developmental delay, mental retardation, etc.
    In order to determine if a child is eligible, there is a need to assess and observe his or her academic levels, behavior as well as social skills. Among the data of observation used to assess if the child meets the criteria are the following: objectives, behaviors, and outcomes of the IEP services on the child. The school team conducts and administer the assessment. It is generally composed of the teachers in General Education, Special Education, as well as the Speech and Language Therapists, Social Worker, Psychologist, school administration, and the parents.
    The role of the educators are to implement the assessments and maintain its records. They review the data and distribute them to the members of the team for collaboration and brainstorming. The team collaborates with each other and performs screening on the child's eligibility, suggests diagnosis and IEP placement as well as plan for intervention and evaluation methods.
    The special education teacher conducts a descriptive analysis of the student's behavior by observation of student behavior, social skills and academics. He or she also conducts program tests as well as analysis of the data, evaluation, and assists in plan implementation.
    Descriptive statistics is a summary of the sample and the measure used for the assessments. It ...

    Solution Summary

    * Dimensions of Descriptive Statistics: explained and how it started
    * Definition/explanation of the following: reliability, validity, bell curve, mean, standard deviation, standard scores, scaled scores, t-scores and percentiles.
    * 1,022 words
    * 10 non-APA references