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Existential and Person-Centered Approaches

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After viewing the Case with Stan and Lecturettes from the Existential and Person-Centered approaches, write a 1-2 page paper discussing the counselor's use of these therapies in the sessions with Stan. Conclude with how the usage of these therapies will be purposeful in your counseling. Consider who, when, where and how you might use these therapies.

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*Breaking up the two approaches will separate your paper into the sections needed.

Existentialism - A psychodynamic approach to counseling with a focus on decreasing existential anxiety (the anxiety drawn from the fear and confusion that comes with living in a "meaningless world"). In essence, along with finally accepting one's place in the universe, accepting that one is alone, there is no one else and a person is therefore responsible for everything in his/her life, comes freedom. A client will then be able to face the world with courage as he has come to terms with the absurdity of existence. Living a life full of responsibility (both personal and social), honesty, courage, and facing rather than escaping existential anxiety and anger are central features of existential psychotherapy. An Existential therapist focuses on the fact that beyond all of the world's stereotypes and preconceived notions, a client is an individual. The theory's main purpose is to bring a person back to the center of the therapeutic process. He is not a passive observer of the ...

Solution Summary

Existential and Person-Centered approaches to therapy and basic components of each.

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Integrative Therapeutic Approach

Consider the person-centered and existentialist theories.

•Summarize your understanding of utilizing an integrative therapeutic model.

•Summarize the key points of the two theories, identifying some of the similarities and some of the differences.

•Focus on the areas where the theories differ, describing how they would need to be adjusted in order to be integrated with each other.

•Provide specific examples of how you would use the integrative model with a client suffering from moderate depression.

** Optional Readings **
The following articles are recommended examples of integrative approaches but not required for this unit:

•Castonguay, L. G. (2006). Personal pathways in psychotherapy integration. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 16(1), 36-58.

•Consoli, A. J., & Jester, C. M. (2005). A model for teaching psychotherapy theory through an integrative structure. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 15(4), 358-373.

•Disque, J. G., & Bitter, J. R. (1998). Integrating narrative therapy with Adlerian lifestyle assessment: A case study. Journal of Individual Psychology, 54(4), 431-450.

•Duba, D. J., Graham, M. A., Britzman, M., & Minatrea, N. (2009). Introducing the "basic needs genogram" in reality therapy-based marriage and family counseling. International Journal of Reality Therapy, 28(2), 15-19.

•LaTorre, M. A. (2007). Integrative perspectives. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 43(3), 151-153.

•Lazarus, A. A. (2005). Is there still a need for psychotherapy integration? Current Psychology: Developmental, Learning, Personality, Social, 24(3), 149-152.

•Tønnesvang, J., Sommer, U., Hammink, J., & Sonne, M. (2010). Gestalt therapy and cognitive therapy—Contrasts or complementarities? Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 47(4), 586-602.

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