Equal Educational Opportunities Act (1974).
Flores Consent Order (2000) and how this conflicted with Proposition 203.
In 1992, Miriam Flores, individually the parent of a minor child, filed an action against the State of Arizona accusing the state of failing to provide English Language Learners with instruction enabling them to master standard academic curriculum and proficiency in English. The suit developed on the basis of the Equal Educational Opportunities Act of 1974, which states that "no state shall deny equal educational opportunity to an individual on account of his or her race, color, sex, or national origin... the failure by an educational agency to take appropriate action to overcome language barriers that impede equal participation by its students in its instructional program." Inadequate funding, under-qualified teachers, and effective monitoring of English Language Learners summarize the major complaints of the Flores suit.
The Flores case led to many changes in Arizona schools. The Arizona Department of Education was required by the court to evaluate students and incorporate an extensive ELL program review. Furthermore, the department was required to monitor ELL students for up to two years following their participation in an ELL program, thereby providing compensatory instruction for those requiring ...