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A Comparison of Theories

Choose two theories from the following list of theories: psychodynamic, Adlerian, child-centered play therapy, systemic family therapy, approaches such as structural, MRI, solution-focused, and narrative family approaches. Identify the similarities and differences for both approaches in the following areas:
*Basic theory and assumptions.
*View of psychopathology.
*General therapeutic goals and techniques.
*View of the differences between an individual and the family, community, and society.

300-350 words or more with scholarly references

Solution Preview

*Can you choose two theories from the following list of theories: psychodynamic, Adlerian, child-centered play therapy, and systemic family therapy approaches such as structural, MRI, solution-focused, and narrative family approaches and. identify the similarities and differences for both approaches in the following areas?

Basic Theory and Assumptions

(a) Adlerian Therapy

Adller posited that human beings create goals, immediate and long term that motivate behaviors and development. According to Adler, these goals guide a person's movement into self-actualization and sometimes perfection. Further, goal formation begins early in life (ages 5 or 6); Adler asserted that a few people and situations influence the development of goals and movements. Thus, the Adlerian approach emphasized goals and/or motivation (Sonstegard, 1998).

(b) Structural Family Therapy

Similar to the Adlerian family approach, in the structural family approach the role of the therapist is one of collaboration. Munster (1974) viewed an individual's symptoms as part of an interactional pattern. The Process of change takes place in the family structure. According to Radohi (2011), based on Adler's analysis as the family environment changes over time, it is necessary to include parents and families in the therapeutic process when treating children with serious emotions. They assert that the family's involvement in the process of therapy is critical. For example, the therapist must help the family restore the ability to deal with problems on their own so that change is sustained.

View of Psychopathology

Adlerian Therapy

An Adlerian approach assumes a non-pathological perspective and is not based on diagnostic criteria. From Alder's perspective, while one ...

Solution Summary

This solution compares the theoretical assumptions of Adlerian therapy and Structural Family Therapy.

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