The wealth and energy between 1880 and 1910 was a unique and dynamic period in higher education. During this time the stock market was volatile and the rules that governed higher education were mostly absent. In addition, there was an abundance of industrial wealth, and a new level of philanthropic generosity toward higher education. Uncertainty and diversity were characteristics of this time period.
Discuss the dynamics of university-building in the formative decades between 1880 and 1910. Reflect on the actions and influences of Slossen's book Great American Universities and the Association of American Universities. What were some of the historical, political, and economic reasons that these associations had so much influence? Are there similar associations in higher education today?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 8:20 am ad1c9bdddf
During the Golden Age of philanthropy titans such as the Rockefellers', Carnegie family, and steel barons all began to donate huge amounts of sums to universities in the form of endowments. These endowments were sometimes the entire operational budgets of universities that received these generous sums. University-building was seen as a way to leave a long-lasting legacy by those in the higher echelons of society; therefore, many ...
The captains of industry for wealth and energy are determined.
Research Paper Proposal
Research Paper Proposal Format
Use the following format for the research proposal as your "guide". Note the word "guide" because you may find a need, given the specific topic you have selected, to modify.
A) Title Page
It should be concise and descriptive - creative wouldn't hurt!
B) The Purpose of Your Research
State the purpose of your research and why it interests you. You are encouraged to select a topic that fosters your professional growth and development. You should also identify the audience for your work. Your research may traverse several fields (eg. Sports Psychology research might be of interest not just to psychologists, but also to teachers, doctors and parents). Your target audience determines what style of writing you may use, and/or what theories to apply.
C) Opening Statement, Argument or Hypothesis
The opening statement, argument or hypothesis focuses your ideas for the paper; it's your argument, insight or viewpoint summarized into a sentence or two that gives the reader your main idea. It present the rationale for you paper and clearly indicates why it is worth exploring. If you are not sure about how to refine, narrow or broaden your thesis, return to #2 above.
D) Summarize two Internet Sources that Support your Topic
Your proposal should summarize two web-based resources that support your topic. Choose the sources carefully. They should demonstrate your understanding of the research issues related to your topic and show your ability to critically evaluate/integrate the literary sources. Choose current, relevant, scholarly sources that can be found by visiting the Empire State College Online Library at http://www.esc.edu/library such as books or professional journal articles. If you are not sure how to do research or use the Empire State College Online Library, return to #1.
E) Document and Cite your Sources
By citing your sources you are letting your reader know that you've consulted experts whose ideas and information back up your own thoughts and ideas. You must cite your sources correctly so that your academic integrity is not called into question. If you don't document, you could inadvertently plagiarizing. Visit the Empire State College's Writing Resource Center to get help with documenting sources or visit Diana Hacker's Research and Documentation site.
F) Expected Outcomes
State here your expected outcomes from the research you will conduct on your topic. If you stated a new hypothesis you will need to state certain expected outcomes that you intend to prove.
G) Is It Set In Stone?
Goodness, no! The idea behind research is exploration. If it is set in stone, we might as well not bother with research. Your proposal outlines your intentions and a plan. Once you delve further into research you very well may find that your opinion, opening statement, etc. may need to be tweaked and edited.