Critically evaluate the following statement:
Both economic theory and history suggest that less developed countries that open their economies to international trade and capital flows will grow faster and reduce poverty more quickly than those opting for an import-substitution industrialization development strategy.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 17, 2018, 12:20 am ad1c9bdddf
Both economic theory and history suggest that less developed countries that open their economies to international trade and capital flows will grow faster and reduce poverty more quickly than those opting for an import-substitution industrialization development strategy.
Less developed countries that open their economies to international trade and capital flows grow faster. To an extent this statement is correct; the GDP growth of the country shows a high growth rate. How does this growth take place? Developed country based multinationals source their products from less developed countries, however, they pay very low wages to the ...
international trade is discussed very comprehensively in this explanation..
International Trade Liberalization and the Environment
Does free trade harm the environment?
Environmentalists argue that trade liberalization harms the environment. The decisions of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in particular have been the subject of much criticism. Carbaugh has described environmentalists' three primary assertions (Carbaugh, 2004):
Trade liberalization leads to a "race to the bottom" in environmental standards.
Trade liberalization conflicts with morally-conscious environmental policies.
Trade liberalization encourages trade in products that create global pollution ("pollution havens").
Proponents of trade liberalization argue that freer trade might actually improve the quality of the environment. For example, the international environmental policy of the U.S. and other industrial nations is based on the "polluter-pays principle." This approach is intended to give producers the incentive to develop more pollution-control techniques (Carbaugh, 2004).
In this project, you will recreate and evaluate the arguments and counter-arguments for all three of the environmentalists' assertions described above.
Part 1: Recreate the arguments/counter-arguments
Recreate the arguments for and against the three assertions noted above (six arguments total). Approach this assignment as an exercise in critical thinking; your goal is to represent the arguments as accurately and as thoroughly as possible. For each argument and counter-argument, present the following information:
The party you represent
Your party's interests or objectives
Your party's assertion
A summary of the available evidence that supports your party's assertion and/or examples that illustrate the assertion.
Feel free to use the Library or other Web resources to help recreate the arguments.
Part 2: Summarize and evaluate the arguments/counter-arguments
Write a 4-5 page document in which you:
Summarize each argument and counter-argument. Be sure to note the relevant parties in the debate and their interests/objectives.
Evaluate the arguments and counter-arguments. Be sure to address the following questions:
Can the conflicting positions in these debates be resolved? If yes, how? If not, why not? Your answer should be well-reasoned and supported with examples.