Compare and contrast the land use management tools:
1. regualtions such as zoning,
2. public purchase of land outright to keep it out of development,
3. public purchase of easments or in other words partial ownership rights such as the right to change its use.
Also, make reference to police power and eminent domain principles for each tool as it applies.
Updating local comprehensive plans, codes, and ordinances is generally the easiest route to land conservation. Regulations can be tailored to a particular situation or locale. Some regulations could set the amount of open space required on a site. Others could encourage conservation design. Such regulations keep government expenditures to a minimum. However, sometimes zoning regulations are not sufficient to meet all land conservation goals.
The public purchase of land or easements carries with it a high cost, and the continued expense of monitoring the land. Easements can be ideal when working with watersheds. For example, they can ensure that road crossings do not obstruct fish passages. Costs can be kept down by focusing on these limited areas. However, in some cases partial ownership is not enough. In many cases land must be kept completely free of human intervention. Easements are not sufficient to do this. The public purchase of ...