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    The global conveyor belt and oceanic currents

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    Explain what is meant by the global conveyor belt? How is this responsible for the circulation of water in the ocean?

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    The ocean has both upper and lower currents. The upper 100 meters of the ocean's surface is controlled by atmospheric wind currents such as the Coriolis effects. However there are also deep-ocean currents, which flow thousands of meters below the surface, and are driven by differences in the water's density, which is controlled by factors such as temperature and salinity. This process is known as thermohaline circulation and begins in the Earth's polar regions where the ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution provides an explanation of what the global conveyor belt is, how it is responsible for the circulation of water in the ocean, and what factors determine its path.