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Conservationism vs. Preservation (Environmental Protection)

Conservation and preservation were movements that flourished in the United States in the early twentieth century. Both are still prominent today as conservation in the form of government agencies such as the U.S. Forest Service and the 'Wise Use' movement, and preservation in the form of the Sierra Club and allied organizations. Both movements demonstrate a concern over how the environment, especially public land is used. How, then, are the movements different?

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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones

Conservationism in the US: A Brief History

Conservationism or the advocacy position that moves for the conservation of nature & protection of natural resources (flora, fauna, water, habitats & the environment) is also considered as a political, social and environmental movement. In other parts of the world, the notion of conservation is to preserve, protect and set aside habitats and natural regions to actively protect wildlife and the environment for their inherent value. In the US however, conservation differs greatly from the notion of environmentalism in that environmentalism is seen as a political and social movement to protect ecosystems and biodiversity to improve the state of the environment because of its inherent value while conservationism is seen as the protection of natural resources and the environment so that they can continually sustain the needs of humanity (preserving the environment for human needs). The preservation movement (of which conservation and environmentalism are a part of) began to take root in the US during the Progressive Era in the early 20th century under the leadership of Pres. Teddy Roosevelt. The debate led to 3 opposing positions. The Free Market position pushed the notion that property owners should be allowed to do what they will to their own property and possessions being that they are under private ownership - ...

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The solution is a 908-word essay that discusses the conservation movement vis-a-vis the preservation movement of the environment as a environmental and political position. The history of the movements are recalled and are differentiated according to their varried held beliefs (especially in relation to wise-use most especially the Muir vs. Pinchot views). A word version of the solution is attached for easy printing. References are listed for easy expansion.