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Earth Science

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Explain the following:
- The Green House Effect
- Hurricanes
- Tornadoes
- Typhoons

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 7:49 am ad1c9bdddf
https://brainmass.com/earth-sciences/climate-change-greenhouse-gases/earth-science-516508

Solution Preview

The Greenhouse Effect:
As energy, in the from of sunlight, passes through our atmosphere it can get refracted, scattered, and absorbed. Some of that shortwave energy gets absorbed by the earth's surface and then gets re-emitted, trying to escape the earth's atmosphere. However, greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, methane, and sulphur oxides, are present in the atmosphere. These gases have the ability to absorb some of that energy and in some cases refract it back to the earth. Thus, the more greenhouse gases present in the atmosphere, the more energy get reflected back to earth. This energy that is reflected back then greatly warms the earth. In fact, without the current amount of greenhouse gases we have present in the atmosphere, our earth would be 30 degrees Celsius cooler than its current temperature.

Hurricanes:
Hurricanes are violent tropical storms. The tropics are characterized as ...

Solution Summary

The expert examines earth science for the Green House Effect and Hurricanes.

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See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Earth Science - Multiple Choice

1. The apparent daily path of the Sun changes with the seasons because: *
Earth's axis is tilted.
Earth's distance from the Sun changes.
The Sun revolves.
The Sun rotates.

2. Energy is transferred from the Sun to Earth mainly by: *
Molecular collisions
Density currents
Electromagnetic waves
Red shifts

3. Which of the following is the chemical formula for calcite?: *
CaCO3
CaMgSO4
FeCO3
FeS2

4. The name of a rapid rise of coastal water that accompanies the arrival of a cyclone is called: *
Hurricane
Storm surge
Tidal wave
Cyclonistat

5. What percentage of the earth's water is fresh water?: *
50%
22%
7%
3%

6. Which layer of the atmosphere contains the ozone layer?: *
Thermosphere
Exosphere
Stratosphere
Troposphere

7. The fossil archaeopteryx is the earliest known example of: *
Mammal
Fish
Bird
Snake

8. What is the name given to a region where one plate of the earth's crust is sliding under another?: *
Induction zone
Abduction zone
Reduction zone
Subduction zone

9. Which of the following is true of an earthquake's epicenter and focus?: *
They are the same.
The focus is above the epicenter.
The epicenter is at the Earth's surface.
The focus is at the Earth's inner core.

10. Where does most of the energy comes from that fuels ocean life?: *
Land plants
Land animals
Dissolved gases
The sun

11. Compared to dull and rough rock surfaces, shiny and smooth rock surfaces are most likely to cause sunlight to be: *
Reflected
Refracted
Scattered
Absorbed

12. The true shape of the Earth is best described as a(n): *
Perfect sphere
Perfect ellipse
Slightly oblate sphere
Highly eccentric ellipse

13. Which is not a glacial deposit?: *
Esker
Delta
Moraine
Outwash

14. Of the following, the color blue on a topographic map indicates what surface feature?: *
Vegetation
Water
Photorevision
Rock formations

15. What name is given to the science which studies the atmosphere?: *
Oceanography
Atmospherology
Meteorology
Weatherology

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