Describe and discuss the differences between individual and group decision-making. Support your arguments through examples or other sorts of evidence.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 3:56 am ad1c9bdddf
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Individual and Group Decision Making - Key Differences
First, let's look at the two concepts separately. It will make it easier to understand the ideas involved in both scenarios and therefore give you a better picture of what their similarities and differences might be. Before we get to that, let's go through what decision making really is.
What is decision making? It mainly involves the following:
- What are the objectives of this project at hand?
- Out of the objectives identified, which is the most important?
- What actions should be taken to achieve this objective?
- The action that will achieve the desired objective is selected
- The selected objective is accessed for probable outcomes
- The decision is made and measures are taken to prevent undesirable outcomes
- Reflection on the decision; learn from your mistakes, celebrate the success
Individual Decision Making:
Key concept: The key concept behind individual decision making is based on the premise individuals make decisions in isolation. "Using the available information, the leader makes a decision without involving the person or persons who ultimately will be executing it" (Roseman, 2010). While it produces quick decisions when there are limited options, they're not practical for decisions for which the options are unclear, and when there are many other different alternatives. Additionally, this style of decision making does not involve others and vital information needed for basic sustenance of the workplace might be in jeopardy. For example, you just found out that your department was criticized for low performance. This is a collective problem and all the group members are affected by this criticism. You must depend on them to find a solution to solve the problem of low performance.
Although one would be led to believe that two can do a better job than one that is not always the case. For one, individuals will pay more attention to the quality of the work. Individual members do not have to succumb to group pressure or the stress of having to conform to a particular point of view. For example, a ...
The solution discusses the differences between individual and group decision-making. The two concepts are looked at separately and discusses when one concept might be better suited than the other. Three references have been included which are formatted using APA styling.
Decision Making Process: Individual Vs Group
(Scenario) The CEO of your company has been extremely frustrated with what has been occurring within the organization lately. In a recent managers meeting he exclaimed,
"Everyone around this place just follows the status quo. No one ever has any unique ideas on how we can make this organization better. You just sit here and wait for me to give you directions on what to do. Then you follow those directions word-for-word without asking any questions or making any improvements. We need to change this attitude and change it quickly."
He then pointed out each of your group members stated, "I'm assigning you all to a working group. Your goal is to help me fix this problem. I want you to work together, do some research, and come up with concrete ideas and suggestions to fix this problem."
Your group must do analysis, have discussions (either via the small group chat or discussion board) and come to a consensus to prepare a report (paper) that addresses the following:
Part 1 - Define the term "group" after discussion with your fellow team members. Avoid repeating a dictionary definition. For this scenario what would constitute a "group"?
Part 2 - Are there any differences in how individuals and groups make decisions? If so what are they?
Part 3 - Identify the applicable decision concepts (theories, principles, paradoxes, etc.) from our learning all semester (not just the group decision concepts identified in Unit 5) that your group believes will best explain what is occurring within the organization. Be sure your group provides rational to support each of the concepts your group identifies.
Study Material The Psychology of Judgment and Decision making(Plous) Chapter 17-18 and earlier theories and thoughts concerning Decision Making concepts.
Part 4 - Identify at least three (3) recommendations (from your group to the CEO) that will help him improve or overcome the current decision making conditions within the organization.
thank you for your insight and professional thoughts.
very important group assignment. Best Regards