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Professional Issues in Computing: Ethical Hacking

"White Hat Cracking" involves security testing by arrangement. "Grey Hat Cracking" seeks to identify insecure systems and inform administrators/users of vulnerabilities. "Black Hat Cracking" involves accessing systems.

Counterattacks on phishing servers, spam sources, and malware distributors are held up as "ethical cracking". And "hacktivism" involves cracking for a "higher purpose".

Is it possible to crack systems and still be ethical? Support your position.

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Hacking and cracking are very popular terms used in the world of computers and information technology in the modern times. Hacking and cracking has evolved together with computers as far as methodologies, targets, and purposes are concerned. A normal person with superficial views in computers and information technology view hacking and cracking as "evil", "illegal", "unlawful", and "harmful" due to how media portray hackers. Hackers are the ones responsible in infiltrating systems, causing either data theft, stealing personal information, or system failure. Crackers are commonly associated with illegally unlocking commercial software with the use of programs called "cracks" that are also used to spread viruses and other threats over the network, especially the Internet. But hacking and cracking are not only for ...

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This solution discusses ethics with computer hackers in 520 words with three references.