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Protocol and Architecture, IP and IPX, ARP and RARP

Can you please explain the following to me? Thanks.

Protocol and Architecture
Connection Oriented Protocol and Connectionless Protocol
Routing Protocol and Routed Protocol
IP and IPX
ARP and RARP
RIP and OSPF

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Hi,
I am Leela Krishna from India. I am happy to help you with this question.

I provided a short description for the terms.

All the best for your future.

Regards,
Leela Krishna

======================== Answer Starts ========================

Protocol
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In computing, a protocol is a convention or standard that controls or enables the connection, communication, and data transfer between two computing endpoints. In its simplest form, a protocol can be defined as the rules governing the syntax, semantics, and synchronization of communication. Protocols may be implemented by hardware, software, or a combination of the two. At the lowest level, a protocol defines the behavior of a hardware connection.

Architecture:
========
(Architecture term is very generic, as in case of network it is very near to Technical Architecture, so providing that term details)
Technical architecture refers to the structured process of designing and building a Systems architecture, with focus on the
users' and sponsors' view of the environment. Where a TA is used, the Systems architecture then focuses on the engineering view of the environment.

Technical Architecture may also refer to the structured process of designing and building IT hardware or infrastructure, usually at the enterprise level. Issues such as Server Hardware, Network, Storage, Backup, Resilience and Availability are all within the remit of the hardware Technical Architect, but see also hardware architect.

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Connection Oriented Protocol:
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A connection-oriented networking protocol is one which identifies traffic flows by some connection identifier rather than by
explicitly listing source and destination addresses. Typically, this connection identifier is a small integer (10 bits for
Frame Relay, 24 for ATM, for example). This makes network switches substantially faster (as routing tables are just simple
look-up tables, and are trivial to implement in hardware). The impact is so great, in fact, that even characteristically
connectionless protocols, such as IP traffic, are being tagged with connection-oriented header prefixes (e.g., as with MPLS,
or IPv6's built-in Flow ID field).

Connection-oriented protocols are not necessarily reliable protocols.

Ex: TCP, ATM, Frame Relay

Connection Less Protocol:
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In ...

Solution Summary

Solution clearly explains the following concepts and also the differences between them
Protocol and Architecture
Connection Oriented Protocol and Connectionless Protocol
Routing Protocol and Routed Protocol
IP and IPX
ARP and RARP
RIP and OSPF

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