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Bridged Cyclic Compounds and SN2 Reactions

Bridged cyclic compounds like the ones shown in the attached .jpg are extremely unreactive in SN2 reactions.

1) Give a reason which will explain this.

2) How can you explain the fact that compounds of this type are also less reactive in the SN1 reaction than similar noncyclic compounds?

(See attached file for full problem description)


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