1. Describe the physical properties of oil and water. Discuss why they do not mix.
2. Describe the chemical composition of crude oil and how your simulation mimics an oil spill.
3. Describe at least 4 methods that could be used to attempt to separate the oil and water at home. Based on the four methods postulate which method would work better than the others.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 16, 2018, 7:30 pm ad1c9bdddf
There are five basic properties of every liquid.
1. Surface tension:
Water has a high surface tension. This is the ability of a substance to stick to itself. Similarly, oil also has high surface tension. Molecules of oil tend to come closer when spread in water.
2. Heat capacity:
Water has an extremely high heat capacity, which is the ability of a substance to absorb ...
The age old question of oil and water mixing is answered in this detailed solution.
Solute and Solvent
In the background information, the table showed you that a mixture can be made between a minimum of two solids (SS), two liquids (LL), two gases (GG), gas and liquid(GL), solid and gas (GS), solid and liquid (SL). You will make mixtures that have some of the components mentioned above.
Big picture: The purpose of this experiment is to determine what happens if make a mixture with the following characteristics is made:
P- Polar, N- NonPolar
a. both polar components (PP)
b. both non-polar components (NN)
c. polar and non-polar components (PN)
Obtain three test tubes and place small amounts of salt, sugar and baby oil into the test tubes. Test the solubility of each solute with the solvents water (H2O), isopropyl alcohol (CH3 (CH3) CHOH) and charcoal lighter fluid (a mixture of hydrocarbons). Record, in the table below, whether the different combinations will form a solution or not.
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