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Solutions: Concentration and Mass Calculations

Please see the attached file for the fully formatted problem(s).

Activity - Solution Calculations

1. What is the Zn(NO3)2 percent composition by weight of a solution made by dissolving 15.5 g of zinc nitrate, Zn(NO3) 2, in 45.0 g of water? (%)
Use three significant figues in your answer.

2. How many moles of sodium hydroxide, NaOH, are required to prepare 2.00 L of 0.331 M solution? (mol)
Use three significant figures in your answer.

3. What is the molarity of a solution, if 3.44 g of potassium hydroxide, KOH, are dissolved in water to make 150.0 mL of solution? (M)
Use three significant figures in your answer.

4. What volume (mL) of 0.400 M solution can be prepared by dissolving 4.71 g of KOH in water?
Use three significant figures in your answer.

5. What weight of potassium bromide (g), KBr, could be recovered by evaporating 577.5g of 15.0 percent KBr solution to dryness?
Use three significant figues in your answer.

6. Calculate the weight of hydrogen chloride (g) in 52.8 mL of concentrated HCl (12.00M) solution.
Use three significant figures in your answer.

7. A sulfuric acid solution has a density of 1.73 g/mL and contains 80.0 percent H2SO4 by weight. What is the molarity (M) of this solution?
a. 14.1 M
b. 1.38 M
c. 2.16 M
d. 13.2 M
e. No correct answer

8. On the average, glucose (C6H12O6) makes up about 0.100% by weight of human blood. How much glucose (g) is there in 3.98 kg of blood?
Use three significant figures in your answer.

9. What volume of 1.00M HCl stock solution is necessary to prepare 143.3 mL of 0.250 M HCl? (mL)
Use three significant figures in your answer.

10. A sample of potassium hydrogen oxalate, KHC2O4, weighing 0.656 g, was dissolved in water and titrated with 18.47 mL of an NaOH solution. Calculate the molarity of the NaOH solution. (M)

Use three significant figures in your answer.

11. Sulfuric acid reacts with sodium hydroxide according to this equation:
H2SO4(aq) + 2 NaOH (aq) → Na2SO4(aq) + 2 H2O(l)
A 10.00 mL sample of the H2SO4 solution required 16.71 mL of 0.309 M NaOH for neutralization.
Calculate the molarity of the acid. (M)

Use three significant figues in your answer.

12. Given the molar mass of sulfuric acid of 98 g/mol, what mass of sulfuric acid (g) is necessary to prepare 449 mL of 15.0% (w/v)?

13. What is the molar mass of a solute that yields 1.00 molar solution when 117 g of the solute is dissolved in water such that the total volume of the solution is 2.00 L?
Use three significant figures in your answer.
a. 58.5 g/mol
b. 56.5 g/mol
c. 46.1 g/mol
d. 117.0 g/mol
e. 234.0 g/mol
f. No correct answer

14. What volume of solution (mL) is needed when preparing a 0.500% (w/v) solution from 0.176 g of NaOH (40.0 g/mol)?
Use three significant figures in your answer.

15. Given the molarity of the solution as 0.344 mol/L and the molar mass of the solute as 26.0 g/mol, what is the mass-volume concentration of the solute (g/L) in the solution?
Use three significant figures in your answer.

16. What volume of solvent (mL) is necessary to prepare 5.00% (v/v) from 24.6 mL acetic acid ?
Use three significant figures in your answer.

1. Match the VSEPR models for the chemicals below and check the property each chemical possesses.
Matching pairs
Oxygen difluoride, OF2
Carbon disulfide, CS2

2. Match the VSEPR models for the chemicals below and check the property each chemical possesses.
Matching pairs
Methane, CH4
Fluoromethane, CH3F

3. Build VSEPR model for the chemical below and check property the chemical possess.
Hydrogen peroxide, H2O2
1. The chemical is trigonal around the oxygen and polar
2. The chemical is bent around the oxygen and polar
3. The chemical is tetrahedral around hte oxygen and polar
4. The chemical is linear around the oxygen and polar

4. Build VSEPR model for the chemical below and check property the chemical possess.
Ammonia, NH3
1. The chemical is pyramidal and nonpolar
2. The chemical is trigonal and nonpolar
3. The chemical is trigonal and polar
4. The chemical is pyramidal and polar

5. For the substance below, check all the attractive forces between molecules that are expected.
Oxygen difluoride, OF2
1. Dipole - Dipole
2. London Dispersion Force (LDF)
3. Hydrogen Bonding
4. Others

6. For the substance below, check all the attractive forces between molecules that are expected.
Methane, CH4
1. Diple - Dipole
2. London Dispersion Force (LDF)
3. Hydrogen bonding
4. Others

7. For the substance below, check all the attractive forces between molecules that are expected.
Carbon disulfide, CS2
1. Dipole - Dipole
2. London Dispersion Force (LDF)
3. Hydrogen bonding
4. Others

8. For the substance below, check all the attractive forces the molecule is expected to posessess.
Fluoromethane, CH3F
1. Dipole - Dipole
2. London Dispersion Force (LDF)
3. Hydrogen bonding
4. Others

9. For the substance below, check all the attractive forces between molecules that are expected.
Hydrogen peroxide, H2O2
1. Dipole - Dipole
2. London Dispersion Force (LDF)
3. Hydrogen bonding
4. Others

10. For the substance below, check all the attractive forces between molecules that expected.
Ammonia, NH3
1. Dipole - Dipole
2. London Dispersion Force (LDF)
3. Hydrogen bonding
4. Others

11. Check all statement below that is/are absolutely true for a chemical to be considered polar.

1. The chemical cannot have lone pair electrons around the central atom
2. The chemical must have polar bonds
3. The chemical cannot be bent
4. The chemical must be nonsymmetric

12. Consider the hypothetical situation that water has a linear molecular shape. Select the correct statement for this hypothetical situation.
1. If water is a linear molecule, then London dispersion force would not be one of its IMF
2. If water is a linear molecule, then it will probably have higher intermolecular forces
3. If water is a linear molecule, then it would probably be nonpolar
4. If water is a linear molecule, then its boiling point will probably still remain at 100 C

13. When will hydrogen bonding occur?
1. H-bonding occurs when the molecule contains fluorine atom, such as CF4
2. H-bonding occurs when the H of one molecule is attracted to F, O, or N of another molecule.
3. H-bonding occurs only for the water molecule
4. None of these statements are true

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Solution Summary

The solution investigates two subjects: concentration or molarity of the solutions and attractive forces between molecules. The solution is detailed and well presented.

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